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ABSTRACT

Not realistic, though the intention is often based on an really subject, place, or feeling. Pure abstraction have the right to be taken as any art in i beg your pardon the relenten of actual objects has actually been totally discarded and also whose aesthetic content is express in a formal pattern or framework of shapes, lines and also colors. As soon as the depiction of actual objects is completely absent, together art might be called non-objective.

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ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONISM

1940"s new York painting movement based upon Abstract Art. This type of painting is regularly referred come as activity painting.

ACCENT

Emphasis given to certain elements in a painting which makes them attract an ext attention.Details that define things or piece of art.

ACRYLIC

A rapid drying paint which is easy to remove with mineral spirits; a plastic substance commonly used together a binder for paints.

ACTION PAINTING

Any painting format calling because that vigorous physical activity; specifically, abstract Expressionism. Examples encompass the brand-new York college art movement and also the job-related of Jackson Pollock.

AERIAL PERSPECTIVE

Capturing the earth’s setting by utilizing painting methods that make far-off objects show up to have less color, texture, and distinction.

AESTHETIC

Pertaining to the beautiful, as opposed come the useful, scientific, or emotional. An aesthetic response is an appreciation of such beauty.

ALKYD

Synthetic resin offered in paints and mediums. Together a tool works as a binder that encapsulates the pigment and speeds the dry time.

ALLA PRIMA

Technique in which the final surface of a paint is completed in one sitting, without under painting. Italian for "at the first".

ANALOGOUS COLORS

Colors that are very closely related, or near each other on the color spectrum. Specifically those in i m sorry we deserve to see usual hues.

AQUATINT

A print created by the same an approach as an etching, other than that the locations between the etched lines room covered with a powdered resin that protects the surface ar from the biting procedure of the mountain bath. The granular appearance that results in the print intends at approximating the effects and also gray tonalities that a watercolor drawing.

ARCHIVAL

Refers to materials that meet specific criteria for permanence such together lignin-free, pH neutral, alkaline-buffered, secure in light, etc.

ARMATURE

A strict framework, frequently wood or steel, offered to support a sculpture or other huge work while the is being made.

ART DECO

An art layout of the 1920s and also 1930s based on modern materials (steel, chrome, glass).A style identified by repetitive, geometric trends of curves and also lines.

ART NOUVEAU

An art style of the late 1800"s special curving, often swirling shapes based upon organic forms.

ARTIST"S PROOF

An Artist"s proof is one outside the continuous edition. Through custom, the artist retains the A/Ps because that his an individual use or sale.

ASSEMBLAGE

The an approach of creating a sculpture by joining with each other individual piece or segments, occasionally “found” objects that originally served an additional purpose.

ATELIER

French term because that "artist’s workshop."

ATMOSPHERIC PERSPECTIVE

A maker for arguing three - dimensional depth on a two-dimensional surface. Develops meant to be viewed as remote from the viewer space blurred, indistinct, misty and also often bluer.

AVANT-GARDE

A group active in the invention and application of new ideas and also techniques in an original or experimental way. A group of practitioners and/or supporters of a new art kind may likewise be called avant-garde. Some avant-garde works room intended to shock those who are accustomed to traditional, established styles.

BAROQUE

A theatrical format usually connected with europe art and also architecture ca. 1550-1750, characterized by lot ornamentation and curved quite than right lines; gaudily ornate.

BAS RELIEF

Sculpture in which figures project only slightly indigenous a background, together on a coin. Also known together low relief sculpture.

BAUHAUS

A design school founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 in Germany. The Bauhaus check to attain reconciliation in between the aesthetics of design and the an ext commercial demands of industrial mass production. Artists encompass Klee, Kandinsky, and also Feininger.

BEAUX-ARTS

A school of well arts situated in Paris, which stressed the necessity of academic painting.

BINDER

A substance in paints that causes particles that pigment to adhere come one another and also to a

support such together oil or acrylic.

BRONZE

An alloy of copper and also tin, periodically containing tiny proportions the other elements such as zinc or phosphorus. The is stronger, harder, and an ext durable 보다 brass, and has been provided most extensively since antiquity for cast sculpture. Bronze alloys vary in shade from a silvery hue to a rich, coppery red. U.S. Standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin, and 3% zinc.

BRUSHWORK

The characteristic method each artist brushes repaint onto a support.

BURNISHING

The act of rubbing greenware (clay) with any smooth device to polishing it, and also tighten the surface.

CALLIGRAPHY

In printing and drawing a complimentary and rhythmic usage of line to accentuate design. The is checked out at its ideal in Japanese wood-block prints and also Chinese scrolls. Also, fine, stylized handwriting utilizing quills, brushes or pens with ink.

CANVAS

Closely woven towel used together a assistance for paintings.

CARTOON

1. A an easy drawing through humorous or satirical content.

2. A preliminary drawing for any huge work such as a mural or tapestry.

CASTING

The procedure of making a sculpture or various other object by putting liquid product such together clay, metal or plastic into a mold and allowing it come harden, thereby taking on the shape of the confining mold.

CERAMICS

The arts of making objects of clay and firing lock in a kiln. Wares of earthenware and porcelain, and sculpture are made through ceramists. Enamel is additionally a ceramic technique. Ceramic materials may it is in decorated v slip, engobe, or glaze, used by any number of techniques. Sculpture usually made by coil, slab, or other hand-operated technique.

CHIAROSCURO

In drawing, painting, and also the graphics arts, chiaroscuro (ke-ära-skooro) refers to the rendering of creates through a well balanced contrast between light and also dark areas.The an approach that was introduced throughout the Renaissance, is efficient in creating an illusion of depth and space around the principal figures in a composition. Leonardo Da Vinci and Rembrandt to be painters that excelled in the usage of this technique.

CLASSICAL STYLE

In Greek art, the style of the fifth century B.C. Loosely, the ax “classical” is often used to every the arts of ancient Greece and also Rome, as well as to any type of art based upon logical, reasonable principles and deliberate composition.

COILING

A an approach of forming pottery or sculpture native rolls the clay that space smoothed together to kind the political parties of a seasoned or pot.

COLLAGE

A job-related of art made through pasting various materials such as bits the paper, cloth, etc. Onto a item of paper, plank or canvas.

COLOR ar PAINTING

A format of painting significant from the 1950s through the 1970s, featuring large “fields” or areas of color, meant to evoke an aesthetic or emotional response through the shade alone.

COLOR WHEEL

A circular grid that represents the colors based on color theory. This grid plainly shows the relationship colors have actually with each various other (complimentary, opposite, etc.).

COMPLIMENTARY COLORS

Hues straight opposite one an additional on the shade wheel and also therefore suspect to it is in as various from one one more as possible. When put side through side, security colors space intensified; when mixed together, they develop a neutral (or gray) color.

COMPOSITION

The organization, style or location of the individual elements in a job-related of art. The target is to attain balance and proportionality. Usually applied to two-dimensional art.

CONCEPTUAL ART

An art type in i beg your pardon the underlying idea or concept and also the process by which that is completed are more important than any kind of tangible product.

CONSTRUCTION

An art occupational that is actually assembled or developed on the premises wherein it is to be shown. Countless constructions are meant to it is in temporary and are disassembled after ~ the exhibition is over.

CONTE

Initially it was a trade name for a brand of French crayons make from a distinctive compound the pigments v a chalk binder. Conte crayons are free from grease, making castle acceptable for lithographic drawing.

CONTEMPORARY ART

Generally defined as art that has actually been produced since the second fifty percent of the twentieth century.

CONTENT

The blog post conveyed by a occupational of arts - its subject matter and also whatever the artist wishes to convey through that subject matter.

CONTOUR

A line that creates a boundary separating an area of room or thing from the room around it.

CONTRAPPOSTO

Literally, “counterpoise.” A method of illustrating the human being figure, especially in sculpture, often achieved by placing the load on one foot and turning the shoulder so the figure shows up relaxed and also mobile. The result is regularly a graceful S-curve.

CONVERGING

Lines the go in the direction of the same point.

COOL COLORS

Those that imply a sense of coolness. Blue , eco-friendly , Violet

CRAFTSMANSHIP

Aptitude, skill, and manual dexterity in the use of tools and materials.

CROSS-HATCHING

An area of closely spaced lines intersecting one another, provided to create a sense of three-dimensionality ~ above a level surface, especially in drawing and also printmaking. See additionally hatching, stippling.

CUBISM

A layout of arts pioneered in the beforehand 20th century by Pablo Picasso and also Georges Braque. In the most developed type of Cubism, forms are fragmented into planes or geometric facets, like the facets in a diamond; these planes room rearranged come foster a pictorial, but not naturalistic, reality; creates may be perceived simultaneously from number of vantage points; figure and background have equal importance; and the colors space deliberately minimal to a variety of neutrals.

CURVILINEAR

Stressing the usage of bent lines as opposed come rectilinear i m sorry stresses straight lines.

DADA

A motion that emerged during human being War ns in Europe that purported to be anti-everything, even anti-art. Dada poked fun at all the established traditions and tastes in art with works the were on purpose shocking, vulgar, and also nonsensical.

DECOUPAGE

The act of cutting out document designs and applying them come a surface ar to make an anywhere collage.

DESIGN

The planned organization of lines, shapes, masses, colors, textures, and room in a work-related of art. In two-dimensional art, often called composition.

DISTORTION

Any adjust made by one artist in the size, position, or basic character the forms based upon visual perception, once those develops are organized into a pictorial image. Any an individual or subjective interpretation of natural forms must have to involve a level of distortion.

DOMINANCE

The rule of visual organization which suggests that details elements must assume more importance 보다 others in the exact same composition. That contributes to the essential unity by emphasizing the truth that there is one key feature and that other facets are subordinate to it.

DRYPOINT

An intaglio printmaking technique, comparable to engraving, in which a spicy needle is supplied to attract on a metal plate, raising a thin ridge of steel that creates a soft line once the bowl is printed. Also, the result print.

DYNAMIC

Giving an result of movement, vitality, or energy.

EARTHENWARE

Ceramic ware, generally coarse and also reddish in color, fired in the shortest temperature ranges. Supplied for residential ware, glazed or unglazed.

EDITION

In copper sculpture and also printmaking, the variety of pieces/images made from a solitary mold/plate and authorized through the artist.

ENCAUSTIC

Literally, come burn in. A painting technique in which the colors is mixed with melted wax and also resin and then used to a surface ar while hot.

ENGRAVING

Printmaking technique in i m sorry a sharp tool (burin) is offered to scratch lines right into a tough surface such as steel or wood.

ENVIRONMENTAL ART

1. Arts that is huge enough for viewers come enter and also move about in.

2. Arts designed for display in the outdoor environment.

3. Arts that in reality transforms the organic landscape.

ETCHING

The an approach of reproducing a style by coating a steel plate v wax and drawing with a sharp instrument referred to as a stylus pen through the wax under to the metal. The key is put in an mountain bath, i m sorry eats far the incised lines; that is climate heated to dissolve the wax and also finally inked and printed on paper. The resulting publish is called the etching.

EXPRESSIONISM

Any art that emphasize the artist’s emotional and also psychological reaction to subject matter, frequently with interlocutor colors and distortions that form. Specifically, an art layout of the beforehand 20th century adhered to principally by particular German artists.

FAUVISM

A short lived painting format in early on 20th century France, which featured bold, clashing, arbitrary color - colour unrelated come the illustration of develops in the organic world. Henri Matisse to be its best-known practitioner. The word fauve way “wild beast.”

FIGURE - GROUND

In two-dimensional art, the relationship between the major forms and the background. Figure-ground ambiguity suggests equal importance for the two.

FINE ART

An art form created mainly as an aesthetic expression come be took pleasure in for its own sake. The viewer have to be prepared to search for the intent of the artist as the all-important an initial step toward interaction and energetic participation.

FIRING

Heating pottery or sculpture in a kiln or open up fire to lug the clay to maturity. The temperature needed to mature the clay varies v the type of human body used. Also, heating glazed ware to the necessary suggest to reason the glaze come mature.

FIXATIVE

A solution, commonly of shellac and also alcohol, pce onto drawings, to protect against their smudging or crumbling off the support.

FOLK ART

Primitive art, by one untrained artist who paints in the common tradition that his community and also reflects the life style of the people.Also referred to as ‘Outsider art’ & ‘Art brut’.

FORESHORTENING

A technique of showing forms ~ above a two-dimensional surface ar so that they appear to project or recede indigenous the photo plane.

FORGING

Shaping metal with hammers while it is hot; the method for making wrought iron.

FORM

1. The physical appearance that a work-related of art - that materials, style, and also composition.

2. Any identifiable form or mass, together a “geometric form.”

FRESCO

A painting method in which the colours are spread in level water and also applied to a wet plaster wall. The wall surface becomes the binder, and also the support.

FUTURISM

Art movement founded in Italy in 1909 and also lasting just a couple of years. Futurism focused on the dynamic high quality of modern technological life, emphasizing speed and also movement.

GENRE

Art that depicts the casual moments of day-to-day life and its surroundings.

GEOMETRIC SHAPES

Shapes developed by specific mathematical law.

GESSO

A white ground material for prepare rigid supports because that painting. Made of a mixture the chalk, white pigment, and glue. Same name used to acrylic bound chalk and also pigment provided on functional supports and rigid.

GLAZE

A very thin, transparent fancy paint applied over a formerly painted surface ar to transform the appearance and color the the surface.In ceramics, washes applied to the clay human body which, as soon as fired to temperature, vitrify to type a thin, typically colored, glass layer.

GOTHIC

A style of architecture and art leading in Europe native the 12th come the 15th century. Gothic style features spicy arches, ribbed vaults, and also often large areas of stained glass.

GOUACHE

Opaque watercolors provided for illustrations.

GROUND

1. A substance used to a painting or drawing support in preparation for the pigmented material.

2. The preparatory substance offered as a coating for a printmaking plate.

3. The lift in a work-related of two-dimensional art.

GREENWARE

Unfired ceramic or sculpture.

HARD-EDGE PAINTING

A recent creation that source in brand-new York and also was embraced by certain modern-day painters. Forms are depicted with precise, geometric lines and also edges.

HARMONY

The unity of all the visual elements of a composition completed by repeat of the very same characteristics.

HATCHING

A technique of modeling, describe tone and also suggesting light and also shade in illustration or tempera painting, using closely set parallel lines.

HORS COMMERCE

(‘Before commerce’) traditionally to be the sculpture/graphics pulled with the continual edition, yet were significant by the artist for service use only. These piece were offered for beginning exhibitions and also competitions, yet today, these they normally are permitted into circulation through regular channels.

HUE

The perceived color of an object, figured out by a common name such as red, orange, blue.

ICONOGRAPHY

Loosely, the “story” illustrated in a work-related of art; people, places, events, and also other images in a work, as well as the symbolism and also conventions attached come those photos by a certain religion or culture.

ILLUMINATION

Hand-drawn decoration or illustration in a manuscript, particularly prevalent in medieval art.

IMPASTO

A thick, juicy applications of repaint to canvas or various other support; emphasizes texture, as distinguished from a smooth level surface.

IMPRESSIONISM

A painting method in i m sorry the artist concentrates ~ above the changing effects of light and color. Often this style can be defined by its usage of discontinuous brush strokes and heavy impasto.

INLAY

In woodworking, a technique in which small pieces that wood, often with differing grains and colours, are glued together to do a pattern.

INTENSITY

The degree of purity or brilliance that a color. Also known together chroma or saturation.

KINETIC ART

Kinetic art is art that incorporates motion as component of that is expression – either mechanically, by hand, or by natural forces.

KILN

A furnace or oven built of heat-resistant materials for shoot pottery, glass and sculpture.

LANDSCAPE

A generalization for any type of artist’s depiction of herbal scenery.Figures and other objects must be of secondary importance to the composition and incidental come the content.

LINE

A mark made by one instrument as it is drawn throughout a surface.

LINEAR PERSPECTIVE

A an approach of portraying three-dimensional depth top top a flat or two-dimensional surface.Linear perspective has actually two main precepts: 1. Creates that are meant come be regarded as far away native the viewer space made smaller than those intended to be seen as close 2. Parallel lines receding into the street converge in ~ a suggest on the horizon line well-known as the noodles point.

LITHOGRAPHY - LITHOGRAPH

A printing process in i m sorry a surface, as rock or paper aluminum, is treated so the the squid adheres just to the portions that room to be printed. The resulting photo is a lithograph or a lithographic print

LOST WAX

A method of developing a wax mold that a sculpture and then heater the mold come melt the end the wax and also replacing it through a molten metal or resin. (see our page on Bronze Casting).

MANIFESTO

In art, a windy declaration or exposition in print of the theories and directions that a movement. The manifestos issued by various individual artists or groups of artists, in the very first half of the twentieth century served to expose their motivations and also raisons dâetre and stimulated support for or reactions versus them.

MANNERISM

A ax sometimes used to art of so late 16th early 17th century Europe, identified by a dramatic use of space and light and a tendency toward elongated figures.

MAQUETTE

In sculpture, a tiny model in wax or clay, made together a preliminary sketch, gift to the customer for approval the the proposed work, or because that entry in a competition. The Italian indistinguishable of the ax is bozzetto, definition small sketch.

MASS

Three-dimensional form, frequently implying bulk, density and weight.

MATTE

Flat, non-glossy; having actually a dull surface ar appearance.

MEDIEVAL ART

The art of the Middle ages ca. 500 A.D. Through the 14th century. The arts produced immediately prior to the Renaissance.

MEDIUM

1. The product used to create a work of art. 2. The binder for a paint, such together oil. 3. An expressive arts form, such together painting, drawing, or sculpture.

MINIMALISM

A layout of painting and also sculpture in the mid 20th century in i m sorry the art elements are rendered v a minimum of lines, shapes, and also sometimes color. The works might look and also feel sparse, spare, limited or empty.

MIXED MEDIA

Descriptive of arts that employs more than one tool – e.g., a occupational that combine paint, natural materials (wood, pebbles, bones), and man do items (glass, plastic, metals) into a solitary image or piece of art.

MOBILE/STABILE

Terms coined to describe work created by Alexander Calder. The mobile is a hanging, movable sculpture and also the stabile rests top top the ground but likewise may have actually moving parts.

MODELLING

1. In sculpture, shaping a form in some plastic material, such as clay, wax, or plaster. 2. In drawing, painting, or printmaking, the illusion the three-dimensionality on a level surface created by simulating effects of light and also shadow.

MONOCHROMATIC

Having just one color. Descriptive of occupational in which one hue - possibly with variations of value and intensity - predominates.

MONOTYPE

A one-of-a-kind print made by painting on a paper or slab of glass and also transferring the still-wet paint to a sheet of record held firmly on the glass through rubbing the back of the document with a smooth implement, such together a large hardwood spoon. The painting may likewise be excellent on a sleek plate, in which situation it might be either printed by hand or moved to the paper by to run the plate and record through one etching press.

MONTAGE

A picture composed of various other existing illustrations, pictures, photographs, newspaper clippings, etc. That are arranged for this reason they incorporate to produce a new or original image.A collage.

MOSAIC

An art form in which tiny pieces of tile, glass, or stone are fitted together and embedded into a elevator to develop a pattern or image.

MURAL

Any large-scale wall decoration excellent in painting, fresco, mosaic, or other medium.

MUSEUM

A building, ar or institution devoted to the acquisition, conservation, study, exhibition and educational translate of objects having scientific, historical or creative value. The word Museum is obtained from the Latin muses, an interpretation "a source of inspiration," or "to be absorbed in one"s thoughts."

NARRATIVE PAINTING

A paint where a story heat serves as a leading feature.

NATURALISTIC

Descriptive of one artwork that very closely resembles creates in the organic world.Synonymous through representational.

NEGATIVE SPACE

The an are in a painting approximately the objects depicted.

NEOCLASSICISM

- “New” classicism - a layout in 19th century Western art that referred earlier to the timeless styles that Greece and also Rome. Neoclassical paintings have actually sharp outlines, reserved emotions, intentional (often mathematical) composition, and also cool colors.

NEO-EXPRESSIONISM

- “New” expressionism - a hatchet originally used to works done primarily by German and also Italian, who involved maturity in the post-WWII era; and also later expanded (in the 1980’s) come include specific American artists. Neo- Expressionist functions depict intense emotions and also symbolism, occasionally using unconventional media and also intense colors through turbulent compositions and also subject matter.

NEUTRAL

Having no hue - black, white, or gray; periodically a tannish color completed by mixing 2 complementary colours.

NON-OBJECTIVE

Completely non-representational; pure design; fully abstract.

OP ART

Short for Optical Art, a style well-known in the 1960s that was based on optical principles and optical illusion. Op art deals in complicated color interactions, to the allude where colors and lines seem to vibrate prior to the eyes

OPTICAL color MIXTURE

The propensity of the eye to blend patches of separation, personal, instance colors put near one one more so regarding perceive a different, linked color. Also, any kind of art format that exploits this tendency, specifically the pointillism that Georges Seurat.

ORGANIC

An picture that reflects a partnership to nature as opposed to man-made images. Any kind of shape the resembles a naturally occurring type or that argues a natural growing or widening process.

ORGANIC ART

An art type that emphasizes an item alive in its own right and not contrived.

OVERLAP EFFECT

Spatial relationship are accomplished by put one object in front of another. The object closest to the viewer blocks the end the view of any part of any other object located behind the (or, wherein the 2 objects overlap, the one in earlier is obscured).

PAINTERLY

Descriptive of paintings in which creates are characterized principally by shade areas, not by lines or edges. Wherein the artist"s brushstrokes are noticeable. Any type of image that looks as though it may have actually been created with the layout or approaches used through a painter.

PASTEL

A fancy crayon that is composed of pigment combined with just sufficient of a aqueous binder to host it together; a work of art developed by pastel crayons; the an approach itself. Pastels vary according to the volume the chalk contained...the deepest in tone room pure pigment. Pastel is the simplest and purest an approach of painting, since pure color is used without a fluid medium and the crayons are used directly come the pastel paper.

PATINA

A film or an incrustation, frequently green, that forms on copper and bronze after a certain period of weathering and also as a an outcome of the oxidation of the copper. Different chemical treatments will likewise induce myriad fancy patinas on brand-new Bronze works. Bronzes may furthermore be painted with acrylic and also lacquer.

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PENTIMENTO

A condition of old paintings where lead-containing pigments have become an ext transparent end time, revealing earlier layers.