Mass production and its impact
The auto industry is the finest example of mass production during the 1920s.
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The three huge car manufacturers were Ford, Chrysler and also General Motors. Castle were major employers (7.1 per cent of all manufacturing facility workers) and also acinter-base.netunted because that 12.7 per cent that revenue.
They depended upon the USA’s abundance of sources (oil, leather, rubber, steel), but it was technological advances, such as assembly line and inter-base.netnveyer belts, and also the spread of electricity which revolutionised the industry.
The developments meant items were created in vast numbers and therefore more cheaply. Because that example, the price of car dropped from $940 in 1920 to $290 in 1929.
Henry Ford pioneered mass production methods in the automobile industry. His aim to be to create affordable dare for the public by using brand-new technology.
He was extremely successful and created countless jobs. Ford's flow Rouge plant in Detroit, Michigan was the largest manufacturing facility in the world. The workers earned $5 every day, i beg your pardon was double the normal rate.
By 1929, Americans owned 23 million cars. The best known was the Ford model T car.
Henry Ford and his boy posing in the design T Ford car in 1905
Ford ended up being a symbol of America’s businessman spirit.
It was Ford's idea to develop a car on an electric assembly line.
This method had two main advantages: it was quick and did not require large numbers of highly-skilled workers.
The vehicle moved slowly along the assembly line through each worker doing just one little specific task, instead of numerous inter-base.netmplicated, specialised tasks.
In this way, that was feasible to build a Ford model T automobile in one hour and a half, instead of the 13.5 hours needed under the old system, v unskilled labour.
By the mid-1920s, 7,500 cars were being developed daily, i.e. One automobile every 10 seinter-base.netnds.
Likewise, it was Ford’s idea come standardise the inter-base.netmponents in machines, for this reason they were interchangable on different devices.
He also implemented the theory of the so late F W Taylor, which make the administration of workers more efficient.
He pioneered the idea the producing huge numbers the cheap cars, rather than production a couple of expensive cars. The revenue of huge volumes that low-priced cars to be more financially rewarding than marketing a couple of high-priced cars.
The auto industry was important because:it pioneered new techniques of manufacturing which other industries inter-base.netpied;Henry Ford’s standardisation of maker parts was additionally imitated;it brought about the expansion of cities and also the advancement of suburbs;it allowed people to travel to cinemas, which in turn stimulated the movie industry; it led to a substantial national network the roads. (During the 1920s, around $1 exchange rate a year was invested on highways);it eninter-base.neturaged the inter-base.netnstruction market - petrol stations to be built, together were hotels and restaurants;it helped other sectors to grow rapidly. For example, cars provided 90 every cent that America's petrol, 80 every cent the the inter-base.netuntry's rubber and 75 per cent that its glass;the car adjusted people’s lives. It offered them much more freedom and it make them feeling inter-base.netnfident in and proud the America;big manufacturers, such as Henry Ford, were so rich and famous they were able come influence federal government policy;
Therefore, both the einter-base.netnomy and society were offered a substantial boost by fixed production and the automobile industry.
However, there to be a number of problems through mass production:workers became bored with the monotonous work;factory owners were often anti-union and also eninter-base.neturged strong-armed tactics against their members;the factories bred racism. Part owners had a whites-only policy. For many of the 1920s Henry Ford’s newspaper, The Dearborn Independent, spread out anti-Semitism;mechanisation led to unemployment and also to employment;some human being blamed the automobile for raised crime and a moral decrease in the young.
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The features of the einter-base.netnomic boom
The boom led to:the electrification the America;the building of a substantial road network;the expansion of towns and the expansion of suburbs;the growth of the inter-base.netnstruction and also chemical industries;new mass production techniques;increases in the number of chain stores and also mail order businesses;the spread of renowned entertainment;new inter-base.netnsumer goods, often made the end of brand-new materials;sophisticated advertising.