Many American leaders in the 1870s and 1880sthought that Indiansshould beencouraged orevenforced come assimilate.That method they wanted Indians to leave their tribes and also ways oflife, and instead adopt American means of life. (Assimilationmeans toblend into a various culture.) to encourage assimilation, the governmentpassed a law dubbed the Dawes Actin 1887. It offered totally free farm soil and help for Indian familiesthat chose to leave their tribe and also become settled, independentfarmers. Some Indiansacceptedthe offer. Many Indians, however, didnot want to leave their people or become farmers. The photo below shows a team of the ind whodid take on the American way of life, and became farmer on theGreat Plains.
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You are watching: How did the u.s. government try to speed indian assimilation to white ways of life?

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As component of itseffort to encourage assimilation, the government created a device ofboarding institutions for Indian children. Countless churches additionally createdand paidfor schoolsto help educate Indian children. The effort was well-intentioned, and also gave thousands ofyoung Indians better opportunities in life. Some chroniclers today slam the entire effort,however. Thesecritics say the schools were not correct to push thechildren away from their own aboriginal culture. The picture on the right reflects a scientific research classroom at anIndian school in 1901.
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The photobelow reflects girls in ~ an Indian college in a cookingclass. Castle are learning the typical American styles of foodpreparation. The timber burning oven is likethose the would have actually been found in many middle course American houses ofthat time.
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The photobelow mirrors the 1899 Carlisle Indian college football team. Schoolsports were another component of encouraging assimilation - in thiscase, come American social attitudes around teamwork and also following rules.
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around two and also a halfmillion Americans now are full blooded Indians.A tiny less than half still live on reservations. rather live on farms, intowns,and in cities. They work at consistent jobs and also have houses just likeAmericans of any kind of otherbackground. They have assimilated fully into the broaderAmerican culture, yet enjoy celebrate their distinct heritage atspecial events like this one in Washington, D.C. The government continues topay for medical centers,schools, and also other program to assist Indians living onreservations. AllIndians to be made citizens of the U.S. Earlier in 1924. The map belowshows the place of the numerous Indian bookings that still existtoday.
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Photos and images, other than for the map and buffalo image, arefrom the Library ofCongress.The color photo the the Indian family is indigenous the Carol M. Highsmithcollection.The buffalo photograph is from the U.S. Room of Agriculture, byJack Dykinga.The Indian appointments map is indigenous the U.S. Office of IndianAffairs. Some photos and images have been edited or resized for this page.