Ostracised by both the Christian association of Nigeria (CAN) and also the Pentecostal Fellowship the Nigeria (PFN) that was explained as one "impostor" that belonged come a team of "occults" that had actually infiltrated Christianity.
But grandfather Joshua was no different from the other televangelists who have actually held many Nigerians in your grip with their "prosperity messages" since the at an early stage 1990s.
Most of castle are more dramatic and perform the very same "miracles", yet Mr Joshua - that headed the Synagogue Church the All countries (SCOAN) - was not component of your clique.
"He to be rough. He to be crude. His techniques were unorthodox," says Abimbola Adelakun, assistant professor in the African studies Department in ~ the college of Texas.
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Mr Joshua came from a bad background and also was brought up by his Muslim uncle adhering to the fatality of his Christian father.
He largely wore a jalabia - a loose-fitting garment worn by Muslims, and kept a moustache that provided him an extreme look.
When grandfather Joshua started his ministry on television in the mid-90s, his hair did not glisten, his shoes were no shiny and also he walk not have actually an American twang - the spoke with a Yoruba accent, and a mixture the English and Pidgin.
Mr Joshua polished himself as he became wealthy, including a fleet of cars and a exclusive jet come look the part, yet he stayed an outsider.
Most Nigerian pastors are commodities of a mentorship system where senior pastors are described as "daddy/mummy in the Lord".
"They don't think you can stand on your own without having actually anyone come defer to," states Gbenga Osinaike, publisher that Church times Nigeria, the country's top Pentecostal publication.
"The too much charismatic motions feel you require a mentor - Paul, dad of Timothy, Elijah, father of Elisha, and all that. They believed he was fake and also the relationship was frosty."
Born top top 12 June 1963, grandfather Joshua also did not help himself through outlandish cases - one of them being the he was in his mother's womb for 15 months.
To evil his prayer sessions in the early on days of his televised ministry to be to be cure to exorcism that plenty of felt bordered ~ above the occult.
Image caption, Men and also women used to fall down during "healing" sessions in ~ the Synagogue Church of every Nations
He was no effusively dramatic as soon as he prayed, and seemed no to expend a great deal the strength when he supposedly commanded spirits out of humans.
But he still wielded enormous power - world fell once he spread out out his arms, rolled when he snap his fingers, and his breath pushed back rows and also rows of his congregation.
On some occasions, the gazed intently at those he was praying for and also seemed to manage the movement of others with an invisible remote.
"People had a mind-set of just how God would work and also when they observed something different, they to be taken aback," claims Mr Osinaike.
But countless of the points he to be criticised because that at the time were also practised by numerous of the Pentecostals who were no less deified by your members.
They supplied the exact same white "miracle" handkerchiefs, offered the same oils and holy waters the purportedly cured every ailments and also had their encounters emblazoned on shirts and stickers used by their members.
"But due to the fact that he did no belong to the clique or fall into your own description of God, he was demonized," states Mr Osinaike.
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Mr Joshua was additionally accused by his other pastors that staging fake miracles, while claiming that their miracles were genuine.
"I understand this is no what Christians will agree to however there is no miracle that can thrive your legs. There is no miracle that can raise the dead. All of those things space staged to assist you to believe."