a gene-carrying structure uncovered in the nucleus of a eukaryotic bio cell and most visible throughout mitosis and also meiosis; also, the main gene-carrying chromosome is composed of one really long threadlike DNA molecule and associated proteins
the production of genetically the same offspring through a single parent, without the participation of gametes.

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the production of offspring by the combination of two haploid sex cells (sperm and also egg), creating a diploid zygote.
the combination of DNA and also proteins the constitutes chromosomes; often used to describe by the chromosomes once a eukaryotic cell is no dividing.
a little protein molecule associated with DNA and also important in DNA pack in the eukaryotic bio chromosome.
the bead-like unit the DNA packing in a eukaryotic cell; is composed of DNA wound approximately a protein core consisted of of eight histone molecules.
one of the two identical parts of the replicated chromosome. If joined, 2 of these make up one chromosome; lock are at some point separated during mitosis or meiosis II.
the region of the chromosome where 2 sister chromatids are joined and also where spindle microtubules attach during mitosis and meiosis. The divides in ~ the onset of anaphase during mitosis and also anaphase II the meiosis.
an ordered sequence of occasions (including interphase the mitotic phase) that extends from the time a eukaryotic bio cell is first form native a dividing parent cell till its own department into two cells.
the phase in the eukaryotic bio cell cycle once the cabinet is not actually dividing. Throughout which, cellular metabolic activity is high, chromosomes and also organelles are duplicated, and also cell size may increase. This phase accounts because that 90% that the cabinet cycle.
the step of the cell cycle as soon as mitosis divides the nucleus and distributes the chromosomes to the daughter nuclei and cytokinesis divides the cytoplasm, developing two daughter cells.
the department of a single nucleus into two genetically identical daughter nuclei. It and cytokinesis make up the mitotic (M) phase of the cell cycle.
the department of the cytoplasm to kind two different daughter cells. It generally occurs throughout telophase the mitosis, and the two processes (mitosis and this process) consist of the mitotic (M) step of the cabinet cycle.
the an initial stage the mitosis. During this, duplicated chromosomes condense to type structures visible through a irradiate microscope. And also the mitotic spindle forms and also begins relocating the chromosomes towards the facility of the cell.
the second stage the mitosis. During this, the centromeres of every the cell"s replicated chromosomes room lined up on an imaginary plate equidistant in between the poles that the mitotic spindle.
the third stage of mimitosis, start when the sister chromatids separate from every other and ending once a complete collection of daughter chromosomes has actually arrived at each of the two poles of the cell.
a spindle-shaped structure created of microtubules and also associated proteins the is associated in the motion of chromosomes throughout mitosis and also meiosis. (It is shaped approximately like a football.)
Material in the sytoplasm the a eukaryotic bio cell that offers rise come microtubules; important in mitosis and meiosis; features as a microtubule-organizing center.
the an initial sign the cytokinesis during cell division in an pet cell; a shallow groove in the cabinet surface close to the old metaphase plate.
a membranous disk that forms across the midline that a dividing plant cell. During cytokinesis the cell plate grow outward, accumulating an ext cell wall surface material and also eventually fusing right into a new cell wall.
a cyclically operating collection of proteins the triggers and also coordinates events in the eukaryotic cell cycle.
an abnormal tissue mass that spreads right into neighboring tissue and also to other parts the the body; a cancer tumor.

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treatment because that cancer in which parts of the human body that have actually cancerous tumors space exposed to high-energy radiation to disrupt cell division of cancer cells.