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You are watching: Landscape with a calm

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Framed


Verso: upper center, white rectangular tape, created in black: “Kiste 21 (1B); upper center, darkened oval label through blue border, written in black: “101 / Poussin”


Object Description

In the late 1640s and early on 1650s, at the height of his artistic maturity, Nicolas Poussin turned from historical narrative to landscape paint. Landscape with a Calm does not illustrate a story however quite evokes a mood. The ordered complace and clear, gold light add to A Calm"s utter tranquility, while glowing, gem-prefer colors and also liquid paint strokes enliven this scene of benevolent nature. Poussin"s sketching projects in the Romale countryside through his friend and fellow landscape painter Claude Lorrain account, in part, for its fresh observation of cloud-scattered sky and also grazing goats.Poussin painted a pendant to this painting, Landscape through a Storm,currently in a museum in Rouen. Together their contrasting weather impacts embody nature"s changing and unpredictable connection via guy. Poussin painted these works for the Parisian vendor Jean Pointel, a frifinish and also a great collector of his landscape paints.Art + Ideas Podcast: T. J. Clark on Poussin


Provenance
Provenance
by 1651 -

most likely Jean Pointel, died 1660Source: Felibien, Entretiens <...> (1685)


by 1685 -

probably Sieur Louis Bay Marchand (Lyon, France)Source: Felibien, Entretiens <...> (1685)


by 1743 - 1770

probably Peter Delmé II, Esq., M.P., 1710 - 1770 (Grosvenor Square, London, England), by inheritance to his child, Peter Delmé III, 1770.


1770 - 1789

more than likely Peter Delmé III, Esq., 1748 - 1789 (Titchfield Place, Hampshire, England; Erle Stoke, Wiltshire, England; Canon Hill, Braywick, Berkshire, England), upon his death, hosted in trust by the estate.


1789 - 1790

more than likely Estate of Peter Delmé III, Esq., 1748 - 1789


1790 - 1806

probably William Petty-Fitzmaurice, 2nd earl of Shelburne, 1st marquess of Lansdowne, 1737 - 1805 (London, England; Bolumber Hall, Wiltshire, England)


1806 -

most likely Unrecognized Collection


by 1823 - 1826

most likely Lord Radstock Note: as "View of the Lake of Bolsena"


1826 - 1830

most likely Mr. Robkid Note: as "View of the Lake of Bolsena"


by 1854 - 1857

James Morrison, 1789 - 1857 (Basildon Park, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to his eldest child, Charles Morrison, 1857.


1857 - 1909

Charles Morrikid, 1817 - 1909 (Basildon Park, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to his sister, Ellen Morrison, June 1909.


1909

Ellen Morriboy, 1834 - 1909 (Basildon Park, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to her brother, Wtransform Morriboy, December 1909.


1909 - 1910

Walter Morrikid, 1836 - 1921 (Basildon Park, Berkshire, England), by gift to his nephew, James Archibald Morriboy, 1910.


1910 - 1934

Major James Archibald Morrichild, 1873 - 1934 (Basildon Park, Berkshire, England; Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe, England), by inheritance to his daughter, Mary (Morrison) Dent-Brocklehurst, 1934.


1934 - 1949

Mary (Morrison) Dent-Brocklehurst, 1902 - 1988 (Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe, England), by inheritance to her child, (Geoffrey) Mark Dent-Brocklehurst, 1949.


1949 - 1972

(Geoffrey) Mark Dent-Brocklehurst, English, 1932 - 1972 (Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe, England), by inheritance to his wife, Mary Elizabeth (Chipps) Dent-Brocklehurst, 1972.


1972 -

Mary Elizabeth (Chipps) Dent-Brocklehurst, baroness Ashcombe, born 1944 (Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe, England)


- 1997

Dent-Brocklehurst Family (Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe, England) , sold to the J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, 1997.


Exhibitions
ExhibitionsThird National Loan Exhibition: Pictures from Basildon Park and also Fonthill Collections (Winter 1914 to 1915) Grosvenor Gallery (London), 1914 to 1915Nicolas Poussin (1594 - 1665) (November 1977 to March 12, 1978) Accademia di Francia (Rome), November 1977 to January 1978Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, January 27 to March 12, 1978Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain: Zu den Bildern im Städel (February 11 to April 10, 1988) Städtische Galerie im Städelsches Kunstinstitut (Frankfurt), 1988Cézanne and Poussin: The Classical Vision of Landscape (August 9 to October 21, 1990) National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh), 1990Nicolas Poussin, 1594 - 1665 (September 27, 1994 to April 9, 1995) Galeries nationales du Grand Palais (Paris), September 27, 1994 to January 2, 1995Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 19 to April 9, 1995Poussin Landscapes by Leon Kossoff (January 18 to April 16, 2000) The J. Paul inter-base.net Museum at the inter-base.net Center (Los Angeles), January 18 to April 16, 2000Dreaming of Italy (March 11 to June 25, 2006) Mauritshuis (The Hague), March 11 to June 25, 2006Poussin and also Nature (October 8, 2007 to May 11, 2008) The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), February 12 to May 11, 2008
Bibliography
Bibliography

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Christie"s, London. Italian, French, Flemish and Dutch Pictures <...> Late the Property of Peter Delme, Esq. February 13, 1790, p. 4, lot 60.

Coxe, Burrell, and Foster, London. Capital Paintings, the Property of the Late <...> Marquis of Lansdowne <...> of Lansdowne House. March 20, 1806, p. 7, lot 46.

Phillips, London. Collection of Pictures of the Dutch, Flemish, and also Italian Schools <...> the Sole Property of Lord Radstock <...>. April 19, 1823, lot 69.

Christie"s, London. Italian, French, Flemish, and also Dutch Pictures, of the Right Honourable Admiral Lord Radstock. May 12, 1826, p. 8, lot 35.

Waagen, Gustav Friedwell-off. Treasures of Art in Great Britain: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated Mss., &c., &c. 3 vols. (London: John Murray, 1854), vol. 2, p. 262.

Waagen, Gustav Friedaffluent. Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain: Being an Account of More than Forty Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Mss. <...> Visited in 1854 and 1856, and Now for the First Time Described, A Supplement to Treasures of Art in Great Britain (London: John Murray, 1857), p. 107.

Morrichild, James Archibald. Catalogue of Pictures at Basildon Park, Berkshire (Oxford: Horace Hart, 1910), p. 28, as Gaspar Poussin.

A Catalogue of the Pictures in the III National Loan Exhibition: Pictures from the Basildon Park and Fonthill Collections. <..> hosted at the Grosvenor Gallery, exh. cat. (London: W. Clowes, 1914), p. 40, no. 19, as G. Poussin (Dughet).

Catalogue of the Pictures at Basildon Park. The Property of Captain Archibald Morrison. Typemanuscript, unpublished, n.d, unpaginated, no. 101.

Phillips, Sir Claude. "Grosvenor Gallery. National Loan Exhibition." The Daily Telegraph (December 15, 1914), p. 5.

Vertue, George. Walpole Society 22, Vertue Note Books (1933-34), vol. 3, p. 117.

Sotheby & Co., London. Important Old Master Paintings. March 27, 1974, p. 14, lot 14, ill.

Blunt, Anthony. "Landscape by Gaspard, Figures by Nicolas." Burlington Magazine 117, no. 870 (September 1975), p. 608.

Thuillier, Jacques. "Poussin et le paysage tragique: "l"Orage Pointel" au musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen." La Revue du Louvre 26 (1976), pp. 345, 346, 352, 355n35.

Whitfield, Clovis. "Nicolas Poussin"s "Orage" and "Temps Calme."" Burlington Magazine 119, no. 886 (January 1977), pp. 4-12, fig. 3.

Rosenberg, Pierre, et al., eds. Nicolas Poussin, 1594-1665, exh. cat. (Rome: Edizioni dell"Elefante, 1977), pp. 207-14, no. 35, ill.

Rosenberg, Pierre, et al., eds. Nicolas Poussin, 1594-1665, exh. cat. (Düsseldorf: Städtische Kunsthalle, 1978), pp. 9, 10, 58, 122-23, no. 35, ill., enattempt by Pierre Rosenberg.

Blunt, Anthony. "Provençal Painting at Marseilles." Burlington Magazine 120, no. 908 (November 1978), p. 781.

Thullier, Jacques, and also Claude Mignot. "Collectionneur et peintre au XVIIe siècle: Pointel et Poussin." Revue de l"Art 39 (1978), pp. 41, 50, no. 10, ill.

Wild, Doris. Nicolas Poussin. 2 vols. (Zurich: Orell Füssli Verlag, 1980), vol. 1, pp. 130-33, 135, 137, 213, ill.

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Wideal, Christopher. Poussin, Paintings: A Catalogue Raisonné (London: Hippocrene Books, 1985), pp. 99, 214-16, 254, 281, no. 164, fig. 183.

Rosenberg, Pierre, and Marion C. Stewart. French Paintings, 1500-1825: The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (San Francisco: The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, 1987), p. 87.

Maek-Gérard, Michael, et al., eds. Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain: Zu den Bildern im Städel, exh. cat. (Frankfurt: Städtische Galerie and also Städelschen Kunstinstitut, 1988), pp. 73-75, no. P7, ill.

Bätschmann, Oskar. Nicolas Poussin: Dialectics of Painting (London: Reaktion, 1990), pp. 97, 100, fig. 87.

Lagerlöf, Margaretha Rossholm. Ideal Landscape: Annibale Carracci, Nicolas Poussin and Claude Lorrain (New Haven and also London: Yale College Press, 1990), pp. 54, 59, 60, 138, 178, pl. 38.

Mérot, Alain. Poussin (Paris: Hazan, 1990), pp. 130, 157, 160, 162, 296, no. 239, ill.

Marin, Louis. "Deposition du Temps dans la Representation Peinte." Nouvelle Revue de Psychanalyse 44 (1990), pp. 56, 64-66, fig. 6.

Verdi, Rictough. Cézanne and also Poussin: The Classical Vision of Landscape, exh. cat. (Edinburgh and also London: National Galleries of Scotland, through Lund Humphries Publishers, 1990), p. 111, no. 24, ill.

Carrier, David. Poussin"s Paintings: A Study in Art-Historical Methodology (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993), pp. 82, 156-58, 184.

Thuillier, Jacques. Nicolas Poussin (Paris: Flammarion, 1994), pp. 66, 129, 261, no. 201.

Rosenberg, Pierre, and Louis-Antoine Prat, eds. Nicolas Poussin, 1594-1665, exh. cat. (Paris: Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, 1995), pp. 105, 449-51, no. 201, ill., enattempt by Pierre Rosenberg.

Mérot, Alain. "Les settings, ou le paradoxe du peintre." In Nicolas Poussin, 1594-1665, exh. cat. Pierre Rosenberg and Louise-Antoine Prat, eds. (Paris: Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, 1994), p. 84.

Verdi, Ricdifficult, and Pierre Rosenberg, eds. Nicolas Poussin, 1594-1665, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, through Zwemmer, 1995), pp. 286-87, no. 73, pl. 73.

McTighe, Sheila. Nicolas Poussin"s Landscape Allegories (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 32, 34, 37-38, 42, 43, 52, pl. 2.

Allen, Denise and David Jaffé. "Poussin"s "A Calm" and "A Storm"." Apollo 147, no. 436 (June 1998), pp. 28-34, figs. 1, 4, 5.

Pétry-Parisot, Claude. Caravage-Poussin: Le génie réaliste de Caravage s"oppose-t-il à la poésie peinte de Poussin?, exh. catalog (Rouen: Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen, 1998), p. 8, fig. 3.

Feigen, Richard. Tales from the Art Crypt: The Painters, the Museums, the Curators, the Collectors, the Auctions, the Art (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000), pp. 66-69, ill.

Scholz-Hänsel, Michael. Jusepe de Ribera, 1591-1652 (Cologne: Könemann, 2000), pp. 80, 82, fig. 72.

Walsh, John. Poussin Landscapes by Leon Kossoff, exh. brochure (Los Angeles: The J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, 2000), fig. 3.

Kendall, Richard, ed. Drawn to Painting: Leon Kossoff, Drawings and Prints After Nicolas Poussin, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art and J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, with Merrell, 2000), pp. 45, 48-51, 125, pl. 66.

The J. Paul inter-base.net Museum Handbook of the Collections. sixth ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, 2001), pp. 126-27, cover ill., ill.

Olboy, Todd P. Poussin and France: Painting, Humanism, and the Politics of Style (New Haven and also London: Yale College Press, 2002), pp. 212, 217, 218, 220, 224, 233, 239-40, 241, 293n75, figs. 102, 118, 123.

Allen, Denise, et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul inter-base.net Museum. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, with Thames & Hudkid, 2003), pp. 74-75, no. 39, ill., entry by Jon L. Seydl.

Hunter-Stiebel, Penelope, ed. The Triumph of French Painting: 17th-Century Masterpieces from the Museums of FRAME, exh. cat. (Portland: Portland also Art Museum, 2003), p. 35.

Unglaub, Jonathan. "Poussin"s Reflection." Art Bulletin 86, no. 3 (September 2004), pp. 505, 508, ill.

Stratford, Linda. "French Identities in Landscape Imagery." In A Romance via the Landscape: Realism to Impressionism, exh. cat. Janie M. Welker and Linda Stratford, eds. (Lexington: University of Kentucky Art Museum, 2006), pp. 31, 32, fig. 11.

Os, Henk van, ed. Dreaming of Italy, exh. cat. (The Hague: Mauritshuis, 2006), pp. 62-64, 126, no. 33, fig. 18.

The J. Paul inter-base.net Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, 2007), pp. 118-19, ill.

Rosenberg, Pierre, and Keith Christiansen, eds. Poussin and Nature: Arcadian Visions (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, via Yale University Press, 2008), pp. 187, 260-63, no. 56, ill; p. 224, under no. 41; p. 234, under no. 45; p. 236, under no. 46; p. 250, under no. 51; p. 252, under no. 52.

Christiansen, Keith. "The Critical Fortunes of Poussin"s Landscapes." In Poussin and also Nature: Arcadian Visions, exh. cat. Pierre Rosenberg and also Keith Christiansen, eds. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, via Yale University Press, 2008), pp. 12, 16, 21, 24, 30, 34n48.

Pace, Claire. ""Peace and Tranquility of Mind": The Theme of Retreat and also Poussin"s Landscape." In Poussin and Nature: Arcadian Visions, exh. cat. Pierre Rosenberg and also Keith Christiansen, eds. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, via Yale College Press, 2008), pp. 74, 81.

Démoris, René. "From "The Storm" to "The Flood."" In Poussin and Nature: Arcadian Visions, exh. cat. Pierre Rosenberg and Keith Christiansen, eds. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, through Yale College Press, 2008), p. 97.

Morra, Joanne. "The Work of Research: Remembering, Repeating, and Working-Thstormy." In What is Research in the Visual Arts. Michael Ann Holly and Marquard Smith, eds. (Williamstown: The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2008), pp. 55-56, fig. 4.

Schlesser, Thomas. Cent énigmes de la peinture: la beauté (Paris: Hazan, 2010), pp. 122-25, ill.

Braider, Christopher. The Matter of Mind: Reakid and Experience in the Era of Descartes (Toronto: College of Toronto Press, 2012), pp. 91, 93, 108, 120-21, fig. 8.

Viguerie, Laurence de, Philippe Wchange, and also Helen Glanville. "Some Preliminary Remarks on Nicolas Poussin"s Painting Technique in L"Orange: Complementary X-ray Fluorescence and also X-ray Diffractivity Study." La Rivista del Restauro 27, no. 46 (April-September 2014), pp. 97-98, figs. 2, 99, 103.

Fredericksen, Burton B. The Burdens of Wealth: Paul inter-base.net and also His Museum (Bloomington: Archmethod Publishing, 2015), p. 335.

Szanto, Mickaël. "Poussin et ses amitiés chrétiennes: "Passegiare la terra con la mente fissa nel cielo"." In Poussin et Dieu, exh. cat. Nicolas Milovanovi and Mickaël Szanto, eds. (Paris: Musée du Louvre, 2015), pp. 51-52, fig. 26.

Allan, Scott, Davide Gasparotto, Peter Björn Kerber, and Anne T. Woollett. Masterpieces of Painting: J. Paul inter-base.net Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul inter-base.net Museum, 2018), pp. 11, 74, ill.

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Kostelnick, Charles. Humanizing Visual Design: The Rhetoric of Human Forms in Practical Communication (New York and also London: Routledge, 2019), pp. 25-26, fig. 1.8.