“Oedipus and the Sphinx” by François-Émile Ehrmann

Title: Oedipus and the SphinxArtist: Gustave MoreauCreated: 1903Media: Oil on canvasDimensions: Height: 76.5 cm (30.1″); Width: 106.3 cm (41.8″)Museum: Strasbourg Museum of contemporary and contemporary Art


Oedipus was a mythical Greek King of Thebes. The story the Oedipus is the topic of Sophocles’ tragedy Oedipus Rex, i beg your pardon is followed by Oedipus at Colonus and also then Antigone.

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Oedipus represents two enduring themes that Greek myth and also drama:

the failure nature that humanity; andan individual’s role in the course of destiny in a harsh universe.

Oedipus to be born to King Laius and Queen Jocasta. The King wished to thwart the prophecy, for this reason he bespeak a shepherd to leaving Oedipus to die on a mountainside.

The shepherd, however, took pity ~ above the baby and also passed the to an additional shepherd who provided Oedipus to an additional King to be increased as his own.

Oedipus learned native the Oracle at Delphi the the prophecy the he would finish up killing his father and marrying his mother.

However, he was unaware of his true parentage and also believing the he to be fated to murder his parents, so he left his adoptive parents.

On his way to Thebes, that met an older man and also killed the in a quarrel. Continuing to Thebes, he found that the King that the city, King Laius had been recently killed.

The city was additionally at the mercy that the Sphinx. Oedipus answered the monster’s riddle correctly, beating it and winning the throne the the dead King. He likewise won the hand in marital relationship of the King’s widow, Jocasta.

Years later, to end a plague on Thebes, Oedipus searched to find who had actually killed King Laius and also discovered that he was responsible.

Jocasta, ~ above realizing the she had married she son, hanged herself. Oedipus then seized 2 pins from she dress and blinded himself v them.

The legend of Oedipus has been retold in many versions and also was provided by Sigmund Freud come name and give mythic criterion to the Oedipus complex.


A sphinx is a mythical creature with the head of a human and also the human body of a lion.In Greek mythology, a Sphinx has actually the head of a woman, the haunches that a lion, and the wing of a bird. A Shinx is treacherous and merciless.

Unlike the Greek sphinx, the Egyptian Sphinx is generally shown as a man. The Egyptian Sphinx was viewed as benevolent, but having a ferocious strength. Both were believed of as guardians, and also often flank the gateways to temples.

In european decorative art, the Sphinx appreciated a significant revival throughout the Renaissance. Sphinx depictions room generally connected with architectural frameworks such as imperial tombs or temples.

The oldest recognized Sphinx was found near Körtik Tepe, Turkey, and was dated to 9,500 BCE.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

Ingres to be a French Neoclassical painter who believed of himself together a artist of history and who this day is highly regarded because that his countless portraits.

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Critics often discovered his format bizarre and also archaic. However, his expressive distortions of type and an are make the a essential precursor of contemporary art. His work influenced Picasso and Matisse and other modernists.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

Born: 1780 – Montauban, Languedoc, FranceDied: 1867 (aged 86) –Paris, FranceMovement: Neoclassicism

The Greek Riddle Sphinx: The Story the Oedipus and the Sphinx