If your church has adopted the ACNA’s new Book of typical Prayer 2019, one adjust probably threw anyone off. And also it was a change of only two words.

You are watching: Peace be with you and also with you

For those who learned liturgy, even just a little, from the 1979 Prayer book or in the roman inn Catholic Church indigenous 1970 come 2010, that was nearly automatic to respond to the priest’s bid, “The mr be with you,” in a virtually rhythmic “And additionally with you.”

The default because that ACNA Anglicans is now, “And through your spirit.”

Why? do you have to follow suit?

Let’s explore.

The Latin and Greek liturgical messages that an initial mention this small exchange are more or less literally, “And with your spirit.”


When thomas Cranmer do the English of the 1549 Prayer Book, he used “And through thy spirite”—a expression that preserved all the means until the 1979 American revision.

In the 1960s, roman inn Catholics approximately the world were translating the Latin mass right into the vernacular (or, together Anglicans have actually said since short article 26, “such a tongue together the people understandeth”). In German, they supplied the German because that “your spirit.” In Italian, they offered the Italian because that “your spirit.” In Spanish, they supplied the Spanish for “your spirit.”

But in English, “And additionally with you” came into parlance.


Likewise in the Episcopal Church’s 1979 Prayer Book.

Pros and Cons

The scriptures itself is rather split. St. Paul offers some type of “May the elegant of the mr Jesus Christ be through your spirit” to conclude Galatians, Philippians, Philemon, and 2 Timothy. The apostle offers “with you” in 1 & 2 Corinthians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, and Titus (and kind of in Romans and Ephesians).

Here room some factors to favor the “also v you” language.

It’s more poetic. That’s right. I just said that a modernized version of the liturgy is more poetic 보다 the classic forms. The parallelism of five syllables culminating in “with you” is reasonably euphonic. When civilization don’t have a text as a guide, that takes a fair little of exercise to acquire out of this basic rhythm. (My six and eight-year-old children can attest. As soon as we cross under the peace Bridge connecting Buffalo come Canada, i shout out, “Peace be with you!” The mixed an answer is no unlike most Anglican meetings in the last couple of years.)Roman Catholics adjusted from “and likewise with you” to “and v your spirit” in 2010—are we just copying lock by make the very same change? This to be my an initial reaction come the ACNA’s “spirit” language. Execute we have great reasons come drop “also v you,” or is it adhering to the most recent trend?It describes the entirety person instead of simply someone’s spirit—as if that could be be separated from their body.

And here are some factors to choose the “your spirit” language.

It’s in much more continuity with the rest of the church – horizontal throughout denomination and geography, and also vertical v time.It has actually a much better pedigree in historical Prayer Books.It emphasizes something different than “also through you.” More on this below.

What do I have to do?

To begin, let’s identify that it’s the default response in the BCP 2019. Let’s challenge it: this is the norm.

However, the rubrics permit for “also with you.” for this reason if her bishop states it’s okay, it’s okay. Also, I note that this is two words. I’m no going to begin a fight or overanalyze this thing to death.


While my very first response to be distaste, the whole suggest of typical Prayer is some level that commonality. It is simply plain stroked nerves to hear the blended responses at wider Anglican gatherings, so i jumped come the default “your spirit” for the sake of peace and also liturgical obedience (though, again, it’s not necessarily required).

My understanding has deepened, though, and also I invite you to think about further.

“Your spirit” is, i think, an excellent for ours worship.

Does it division body and also soul?

A legit question. As soon as you say, “And through your spirit,” room you indicating the this is the only important thing to be blessed?

First, the heart or soul (the terms have actually some interchangeability in the brand-new Testament and the teaching of the rabbis) is no something distinct from the body. Properly, soul names what is many core in a person. Likewise, a person’s spirit may be the reasoning or emotion or non-physical aspect of a person—not a separate part. For this reason we can pray because that someone: “Do no be slothful in zeal, be enthusiasm in spirit.” come pray because that her heart is come pray because that her central being, her thoughtful middle.

Second, possibly you should not hear the an answer as “And through the spiritual part of you, O priest” but much more like “And through you, as the divine Spirit is in you.”

I know it’s weird. We say “your spirit,” no “the Holy Spirit.”

But listen me out.

We, together Christians, are fully dependent ~ above the holy Spirit. He gives presents to his people, which could be referred to as “the heart of wisdom” (Eph. 1:17, Deut. 34:9), or even the “spirit the skill” (Exod. 28:3). The “spirit of prophecy” testifies come Jesus (Rev. 19:10) as with the divine Spirit does (John 15:26), so that the lord is “the God the the soul of the prophets” (Rev. 22:6).

In receiving the Lord, our own spirit becomes reinvented by the divine Spirit: “For all who space led through the spirit of God room sons that God. Because that you walk not obtain the spirit of enslavement to fall back into fear, however you have received the heart of fostering as sons, through whom us cry Abba, Father!” (Rom. 8:14-15) The holy Ghost is empowering every one of us: “The heart himself bear witness with our heart that us are children of God.”

Is there a specific spiritual gift in the priest, making the especially ideal to pray for God’s spirit to occupational in that minister?

Yes. Without the spirit of godly authority, offered by God’s Spirit, this sinner might be no leader of the civilization in your worship.

And this is exactly how some in the early on church understood the liturgical exchange, “And with your spirit.”

Theodore the Mopsuestia: “In saying, ‘and through your spirit,’ they execute not describe his soul, however to the grace of the holy Spirit whereby his people believe he is referred to as to the priesthood.” (Baptismal Homilies, ch. 5)

St. Man Chrysostom: “For if the holy Spirit was no in the common father and also teacher when just now the went up right into the sanctuary and gave all of you the peace, you would certainly not all have actually answered: ‘And through your Spirit."”

In fact, the monk “does no touch the offerings before he himself has begged for you the grace of the Lord and you cry in answer come him: ‘And through your spirit.’ by this reply you are likewise reminded that he who is over there does nothing, and also that the right supplying of the gifts is not a job-related of human nature … For he that is over there is a man, but it is God who works through him.” (On divine Pentecost)

The monk is not over and above all, executing a unique power. No, God desires to minister his grace to his people. He choose to carry out so by his Spirit: the monk in the God-given spirit of leadership and authority, the people praying for the priest and receiving God’s spiritual gift together they room all carried together.

We pertained to the Spirit’s existence in ours worship and in the sacrament not only by a liturgical rhythm, however with the texture that comes through details roles—that is, various gifts. “All these space empowered by one and also the very same Spirit, who apportions to every one individually as he wills” (1 Cor. 12:11).

See more: Find The Points In Which The Required Line In Part (A) Intersects The Coordinate Planes.

Let the clergymans not just pray for themselves, yet uphold castle by her intercessions prior to God, the there might be a “double section of her spirit”: a blessing come the totality church.