By the moment Modigliani painted this portrait the had occurred his distinctive layout of representing the figure. This woman’s elongated neck and also stylised attributes embody his personal vision the beauty. That derives native his attention in a wide range of arts then thought about to be ‘primitive’, including African carvings and Cambodian sculptures, and the thirteenth-century paintings and sculpture of his indigenous Italy. That was invite by his girlfriend Gino Severini to join the Futurist art activity which commemorated the dynamism of modern-day life. Modigliani wanted instead to seek his own imaginative development.

Gallery label, October 2009

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Catalogue entry

Amedeo Modigliani 1884-1920

N04723 Portrait the a Girlc.1917

Inscribed "Modigliani" t.r.Oil top top canvas, 31 3/4 x 23 1/2 (81 x 60)Bequeathed by C. Open minded Stoop 1933Prov:With Léopold Zborowski, Paris; James N. Rosenberg, new York, 1921 or 1922; with new Gallery, brand-new York, 1922; through Paul Reinhardt, brand-new York; v Paul Guillaume, Paris; v Bignou, Paris; through Reid and also Lefevre, Glasgow and also London, 1927; C. Open minded Stoop, London, 1928Exh:Paintings by Derain, Modigliani, Matisse and also Others, new Gallery, brand-new York, November-December 1922 (no catalogue traced) as "Tête de Femme"; contemporary Italian Art, Grand central Art Galleries, brand-new York, January-February 1926 (70, repr.) together "Portrait", lent by Paul Reinhardt; paints by Modigliani, Lefevre Galleries, London, march 1929 (2) as "Mademoiselle Victoria"; modern Italian Art, Gallery, June-July 1950 (not in catalogue)Lit:Henry McBride, "Modigliani" in Arts, III, 1923, p.53, repr. P.54 together "Portrait"; Arthur Pfannstiel, Modigliani(Paris 1929), attachment p.21, repr. Dealing with p.104 (dated 1917); Arthur Pfannstiel, Modigliani et son Oeuvre (Paris 1956), No.136, p.99 (dated 1917); James N. Rosenberg, Painter"s Self-Portrait (New York 1958), pp.54-8; Ambrogio Ceroni, Amedeo Modigliani: Dessins et Sculptures (Milan 1965), No.178, p.43, repr. Pl.178 together "Jeune Femme (Victoria)" 1917; J. Lanthemann, Modigliani 1884-1920: Catalogue Raisonné(Barcelona 1970), No.170, p.119, repr. P.205 together "Jeune Femme, dite "Victoria"" 1916; Leone Piccioni and also Ambrogio Ceroni, i Dipinti di Modigliani(Milan 1970), No.118, p.93 and also repr. (dated 1916)

In the catalogue of the exhibition in ~ the Lefevre gallery in 1929, this picture was licensed has been granted "Mademoiselle Victoria", however as every the previously references come it that have actually been traced speak to it simply "Portrait" or "Head of a Woman", the identity of the sitter stays uncertain. The artist Moise Kisling, that knew Modigliani, told grandm N. Huffman that he thought the sitter was an English girl and that this snapshot was painted together a commission, however the fact that it was in the hands of Modigliani"s dealer and also agent Léopold Zborowski in 1921 or 1922 would seem to imply that it was not a i was delegated portrait. Joseph Lanthemann, that points the end that the same girl appears in an additional portrait, No.169 in his catalogue, think it is an ext likely that she was just a professional model. Though it has actually sometimes to be dated 1916, it shows up to it is in slightly later in layout than the signed and dated portraits of the year, and therefore to have actually been painted either at the very end the 1916 or, more probably, in 1917.

James N. Rosenberg purchase it and a half dozen or more other paintings by Modigliani and around the same number of drawings the caryatids indigenous Zborowski in Paris in 1921 or 1922. The intended to keep them together a exclusive collection, but an old uncle, named Max Naumberg, convinced him to produce the brand-new Gallery so that he would have something to do. All the works by Modigliani were turned end to the new Gallery in ~ the initial cost. The oils were apparently the first paintings by Modigliani to have been viewed in the USA.

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What appears to be a preliminary illustration for this portrait, ~ above cardboard and partly in pastel and gouache, is reproduced in the catalogue of the Modigliani exhibition at the Centraal Museum, Utrecht, in 1968, p.25.

Published in:Ronald Alley, Catalogue the the Gallery"s arsenal of contemporary Art various other than functions by brother Artists, Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, pp.528-9, reproduced p.528