Experiencing The civilizations Religions Tradition, Challenge, and Change fifth Ed by Michael - Test financial institution quantity

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INSTANT DOWNLOAD v ANSWERSExperiencing The civilizations Religions Tradition, Challenge, and also Change 5th Ed through Michael – check Bank

Chapter 6 – test Bank

Multiple-Choice Questions

Daoism

The concept of wu wei issocial responsibility.filial piety.no unnecessary action.education and also discipline.

You are watching: The aspect of reality that expresses itself in silence

Answer: c

Page: 216

Literally, Daodejing meansbook that light and shadow.mountain-silence-scripture.dark-path-poetry.way-power-classic.

Answer: d

Page: 211

The guy who dreamy he to be a butterfly wasLaozi (Lao Tzu).Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu).Zhu Xi.Mengzi (Mencius).

Answer: b

Page: 215

Applying the concept of yin and yang, we could say that Daoism shows a special love forallowing things to develop naturally.creating a big corporation.getting as many scholastic degrees together possible.having numerous children and also educating castle carefully.

Answer: a

Page: 208

The most necessary image to be found in the Daodejing, the photo that ideal expresses that ideals, isfire.music.water.light.

Answer: c

Page: 214

At the end of his life, Laozi (Lao Tzu) is claimed to havedisappeared in a large cave in southerly China.sailed through friends off the eastern coastline of China to uncover the isles of the Blessed.died when a tall, hefty bookcase dropped over top top him.left China riding on one ox.

Answer: d

Page: 211

Daoists aim at enjoying a lengthy life but also accept death becausethe heart will it is in reborn, probably in a much better life.the soul have the right to go to heaven.death is a component of the organic order that things.accepting fatality shows toughness of character.

Answer: c

Page: 208

The aspect of truth that expresses itself in silence, receptivity, and also darkness is calledwu wei.yin.dao.yang.

Answer: b

Page: 253

The Daodejing is created in approximately how many Chinese characters?1001,0005,00025,000

Answer: c

Page: 211

The Daodejing is known for itsdeliberate obscurity.careful prose.logical organization of themes.mention of important sites in China.

Answer: a

Page: 212

Dao is the beginning ofmathematical certainty.the rhythms of nature.the person intuition of beauty.our ability to distinguish between right and also wrong.

Answer: b

Page: 228

 

“Divination” ad totelling the future.burying the dead.naming holy people as saints.offering sacrifice to gods.

Answer: a

Page: 209

An photo used by the Daodejing to express the an obstacle of see in the Daoist means isa cloud.darkness.smoke.blindness.

Answer: b

Page: 213

A story in the Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu) renders fun that the silliness of person beings. That compares them tobees.goats.snakesmonkeys.

Answer: d

Page: 216

After his wife died, Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu)swam.danced.sang.worked in his garden.

Answer: c

Page: 215

Laozi (Lao Tzu) is claimed to have been afisherman.painter.carpenter.librarian.

Answer: d

Page: 211

A hierarchical, hereditary kind of Daoism is calledYellow Turban Daoism.Complete Perfection Daoism.Heavenly understand Daoism.Daoism of old Pines.

Answer: c

Page: 222

Black caps room the signature headwear forDaoist priests.members that the Legalist college of philosophy.actors in theatrical program performed throughout the Jiao rite the renewal.teachers that Confucian ritual.

Answer: a

Page: 222

 

Concerning the beginnings of Daoism, scholar today allude tothe historical founder, Laozi.the Yijing, the book of Changes.a multiplicity of possible sources that coalesced right into a movement.the legendary Jade Emperor.

Answer: c

Page: 211

The 2 dots that contrasting color inside the light and dark commas of the yin/yang symbol representthe eternal strife of good and evil.the particle of that opposite.the eyes of God.the an excellent Daoists Laozi and Zhuangzi.

Answer: b

Page: 208

Daoism likely developed monasteries and also templesto safeguard itself native Confucian influence.to security its mystery practices.in bespeak to an ext closely monitor the teachings of the Daodejing.through the affect of Buddhism.

Answer: d

Page: 220

Daoism occurred a pantheon of thousands of deities, the most crucial beingthe 3 Purities.several mrs deities.humans elevated come the condition of gods.household god that protect the people.

Answer: a

Page: 221

The three Purities consists ofMother Li; lord Lao; and also Zhenwu, the perfected warrior.Laozi; Confucius; and the Buddha.the Jade Emperor; Laozi; and Zhuangzi.the Dao; the god who transmits Daoist insight; and Laozi.

Answer: d

Page: 221

Confucianism

 

Confucianism has been particularly concerned about relationshipswith God.between person beings.with nature.between human beings and also animals.

Answer: b

Page: 227

Confucius lived during what years?1221-1156 b.c.e.860-780 b.c.e.551-479 b.c.e.437-502 c.e.

Answer: c

Page: 228

Confucius worked practically all his life asa teacher.a priest.an artist.a librarian.

Answer: a

Page: 228

The Analects arethe principal resource of Legalist philosophy.the sayings that Confucius.a reaction against Mohist thought.a compilation of ancient poetry, saved by Confucians.

Answer: b

Page: 235

The theory of the Meanis a lengthy work top top the background of the state that Lu.is the basis because that the Legalist emphasis on strict punishment.reflects the Daoist love of contemplation.is a short book on moderation and harmony.

Answer: d

Page: 237

The Menciusadvocates the appropriate of the bodhisattva.offers advice about magical routine that was thought to raise farming productivity.presents the teachings of a Confucian thinker.was a stone memorial to Confucius put in his residence town of Qufu.

Answer: c

Page: 237

Confucius’s ideal society would live according to the ideals of theFive an excellent Relationships.Four Noble Truths.Seven Sacraments.Five K’s.

Answer: a

Page: 231

Confucius hoped tointroduce new ideas about architecture.stop the devastation of publications by the emperor.restore the society harmony that the past.reestablish evaluation for an easy living.

Answer: c

Page: 233

The Yijing (I Ching)was a main library, wherein many old texts were kept.recounts story of the mythic life the the Yellow Emperor.is a publication of prophecy and also poetry.is a book, valued by Confucius, that is provided for divination.

Answer: d

Page: 237

In their see of human nature, the Confucianistsseem to it is in the most optimistic the the philosophical schools.emphasize that civilization are rapacious and predatory, needing the strictest controls.see human beings as needing their personalities shaped by education.see education and learning as a search that primarily creates human intellect.

Answer: c

Page: 228

The personal ideal or hero the Confucianism is theteacher.businessman.noble person.simple peasant.

Answer: c

Page: 230

The social duration in i m sorry Confucius live wasdisorderly.peaceful.a time once China to be ruled by a solitary emperor.a time of a classless society.

Answer: a

Page: 229

Mencius (Mengzi, Meng Tzu) to be aLegalist with a cynical view of person nature.Confucian through a hopeful view of person nature.Mohist v a stern see of human nature.Daoist through a an extremely optimistic view of human being nature.

Answer: b

Page: 239

Regarding Confucianism, the Communists after the Communist Revolutionencouraged the in bespeak to build up a sound economy.spread it because of its support of government.rejected it as no being egalitarian.rejected it since of its focus on separation, personal, instance freedom.

Answer: c

Page: 247

The most an essential relationship because that Confucius seems to have actually been the betweenfriends.father and son.elder brother and younger brother.husband and wife.

Answer: b

Page: 231

The virtue the filial piety meansdoing what is appropriate to a situation.love the education.devotion to one’s family.doing just what is spontaneous.

Answer: c

Page: 235

The right of benevolence or “human-heartedness” in Chinese is a composed character made up of i m sorry pictographs?two hearts, one alongside the othera human being under a roofa mother and a childa person and also the number two

Answer: d

Page: 234

The most far-reaching Confucian art kind has beengarden design.calligraphy.stone carving.music.

Answer: b

Page: 243

The authoritative pre-Confucian books are theAnalects.Mencius.Five Classics.Four Books.

Answer: c

Page: 236

During the Han empire (206 B.C.E.-220 C.E.),Confucianism ended up being the official philosophy of China, guiding the state policy.Confucianism was exit in donate of Daoism.calligraphy became taught as a component of Confucian training because that girls.Confucians embraced and embraced Buddhist religious beliefs as a match to their very own philosophy.

Answer: a

Page: 238

Which an excellent scholar arisen a complete philosophy that reality, now dubbed Neo-Confucianism?Mozi (Mo Tzu)Xunzi (Hsun Tzu)Zhu Xi (Chu Hsi)Dong Zhongshu (Tun Chung-shu)

Answer: c

Page: 242

China has had how numerous female rulers (emperors)?01410

Answer: b

Page: 247

Confucianism to be criticized by Chinese who had studied in the West and were influenced by the teachings ofJohn Dewey and Bertrand Russell.Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir.Georg F. Hegel.George Santayana.

Answer: a

Page: 247

Confucianism stays a solid value system inCambodia.Indonesia.Malaysia.Korea.

Answer: d

Page: 247

 

Answer: c

Page: 246

Complex Confucian etiquette shows respect come others, makes social interactions predictable, andreflects the social place of that is participants.leads to the virtue that humility.generates much anxiety and resentment.led to the development of Confucianism as a religious system.

Answer: a

Page: 233

Essay Topics

Explain yang and yin, using examples as crucial to show your explanation.

Recount the life story that Laozi.

What is the Daodejing and also what roles has actually it play in the Daoist religion?

Define the Dao—or describe why us cannot specify the Dao, yet deserve to experience it.

What go the collection dubbed the Zhuangzi add to simple understanding of the Dao?

Explain the best of wu wei.

Summarize four of the simple teachings of early on Daoism.

Describe 3 or four attributes that pertained to be associated with later on Daoism.

Explain the likely influences Buddhism had actually on Daoism.

Provide an overview of the Daoist pantheon the deities.

Describe through some detail four classic Chinese arts and also show how they exhibit several of the pertains to of Daoism.

What details aspects that the Dao space of main interest to the Confucian?

What 2 ideals to be sought by Confucius?

Explain, from a Confucian perspective, what that would require to be a “superior” human being being.

List the five great relationships and also summarize the obligations of the related persons in every of the five.

What is ren? how does one present it?

Explain wen and describe exactly how it shows itself in practice.

Explain the Confucian concept of sincerity and contrast it v the common Western notion.

Identify 2 of the Four publications of Confucianism and also describe a crucial characteristic that each.Describe what Mencius carried to Confucianism by contrasting his assumed with that of Confucius.

Pretend the you have actually been asked to start a Confucian school. What would certainly be studied? What practices would be noticeable in everyday life?

Summarize Zhu Xi’s contributions to Confucian thought.

What is the greatest of Confucian arts? Why?

Summarize three crucial arguments against Confucianism that came to be prominent throughout the twenty century.

In what means are Confucian virtues at odds with typical Western virtues?

Chapter 7 – check Bank

Multiple-Choice QuestionsShinto often makes usage ofpurification rituals.sitting in meditation.repetition the the name of Amida Buddha.the cutting of the priest’s hair together a type of initiation.

Answer: a

Page: 268

The sunlight goddess of shinto isIzanagi.Amaterasu.Susanowo.Inari.

Answer: b

Page: 258

The primeval woman kami who was melted by the fire god isIzanami.Susanowo.Izanagi.Tsukiyomi.

Answer: a

Page: 258

In Shinto, white is frequently used becauseit is associated with death and rebirth.it invokes the visibility of the kami.it evokes fertility and brand-new life.it symbolizes cleanliness and also purity.

Answer: d

Page: 266

The torii isoften used as a gateway come a spiritual location.a wand used by a shinto priest because that purification.the name of a basin where one washes before prayer.worn approximately the neck together a good-luck charm.

Answer: a

Page: 271

In Shinto, spirits are namedkami.koan.o-mikoshi.gagaku.

Answer: a

Page: 258

The Ise grand Shrine is devoted to Amaterasu, and also the high priest and priestess are constantly members that the royal family. Why?Only the imperial family is enabled in cool shrines.Only the imperial family is allowed to converse with Amaterasu.Amaterasu is the ancestor that the Japanese emperors.Amaterasu is the patron kami the Japan.

Answer: c

Page: 258

Emperor Meiji often celebrated which god s religion virtue in his poetry?puritysincerityreverenceforgiveness

Answer: b

Page: 264

An important element of routine at a god s religion shrine islighting a candle.offering incense.bodily prostration.hand clapping.

Answer: d

Page: 265

The term Shinto originates from two Chinese words the meanthe fulfillment that nature.the method of the gods.bridge that light.perfect life.

Answer: b

Page: 258

The Japanese attracted many social and technical elements fromIndia.Mongolia.Vietnam.China.

Answer: d

Page: 259

The primary emphasis of Shinto prayer is command towarda single, all-powerful God or Goddess.Mount Fuji and also other sacred organic sites.spirits that nature and the ancestors.creating a positive circulation of energy.

Answer: c

Page: 263

According to god s religion beliefs, human beings arefundamentally good.sinful and guilty.distracted by ephemeral pleasures.attached come individualism.

Answer: a

Page: 264

Shinto puts great emphasis onstrong beliefs.careful ritual.following the regulates of a spiritual teacher.regular meditation.

Answer: b

Page: 270

Kamikaze, or “spirit wind,” refers tosuicide pilots.high winds, favor typhoons.gods that live at the optimal of mountains.the one-of-a-kind hats of shinto priests.

Answer: a

Page: 262

State god s religion refers tothe special role of the emperor in Shinto.a springtime rice-planting ceremony, done for the an excellent of the nation.Shinto ceremonies brought out at the start of every day in schools.a former system of national shrines.

Answer: d

Page: 262

The Nihongi isthe painting of a pine tree tree, a regular background for Noh plays.a unique dance offered in Noh plays.a repertoire of stories of the gods and early history.the surname of one important branch the Shinto.

Answer: c

Page: 264

The ideal of the warrior, promoted by god s religion during world War II, is calledkamikaze.bushido.harai.mikoshi.

Answer: b

Page: 262

The emperor renounced his title to big whenBuddhism very first entered Japan.Christianity very first entered Japan.Japan began to modernize.World battle II ended.

Answer: d

Page: 262

Tenrikyo, which flourished out the Shinto, has its headquarters nearTokyo.Kobe.Osaka.Nara.

Answer: d

Page: 273

The founder of Tenrikyo wasKamo Mabuchi.Motoori Norinaga.Deguchi Nao.Nakayama Miki.

Answer: d

Page: 272

Omoto is a brand-new religion the emphasizes the worth ofart.business.study.technology.

Answer: a

Page: 273

Omoto, in order to encourage worldwide understanding, provides a special place to the study and use ofLatin.Chinese.Spanish.Esperanto.

Answer: d

Page: 273

Shinto and Buddhismhave emerged separately in Japan.began to blend in the nineteenth century.began to blend shortly after the arrival of Buddhism.were forced to separate from every other before 1200 c.e.

Answer: c

Page: 259

The Japanese peoplehave always enthusiastically embraced foreign cultures.adopted the society of Vietnam for about 500 years.seem to it is in a mix of several peoples.rejected the society of China.

Answer: c

Page: 258

When he went back from visiting his deceased wife, Izanagi had tomourn Izanami’s fatality for one year.purify Izanami’s burial site through fire.get the attention of the various other kami through clapping.cleanse himself in water.

Answer: d

Page: 258

The Shinto development myth might haveunited the beliefs of number of tribes.originated in Okinawa.retold an ancient myth native India.borrowed from the close to East.

Answer: a

Page: 259

Shinto and also Confucianism specifically had what attribute in common?love the art and imageryveneration that ancestorsidealization that the basic life the the farmerappreciation for ritual dance

Answer: b

Page: 261

The emperor that Japan became considered a father number for the entirety country. Thisarose from shinto love that ritual.was a necessity after the check Mongol intrusion of Japan.seems to display the influence of Confucianism.came native the Buddhist best of the love bodhisattva.

Answer: c

Page: 261

Shintohas helped the Japanese maintain a feeling of their unique identity.has been fairly warlike throughout its long history.is a religion with organization and strong structure.developed a explain of belief and a set of commandments ~ 1400 C.E.

Answer: a

Page: 261

Izanami and Izanagi created Japan when they stirred the s withthe sandal indigenous Izanami’s appropriate foot.a white camellia flower.a branch that the sakaki tree.a jeweled spear.

Answer: d

Page: 258

Izanagi sought Izanamion the Floating bridge of Heaven.in the underworld.in a cavern near Ise.in the ocean eastern of Japan.

Answer: b

Page: 258

The basis because that the Japanese writing mechanism came fromVietnam.Malaysia.China.India.

Answer: c

Page: 259

The goddess Amaterasu was lured indigenous a cave, whereby she to be hiding, bythe music that a flute.the smell of food being cooked.the sound that flags being blown by the wind.dancing nearby.

Answer: d

Page: 271

The Church of civilization Messianity (Sekaikyusei-kyo) is one offshoot ofTenrikyo.Omoto.Honmichi.Soka Gakkai.

Answer: b

Page: 274

The archipelago of Japan, follow to the development story, are a kind of “this-worldly” sky becausethe god made them.humans share the islands with divine beings.the deity of the wind has promised to defend all who live there.Amaterasu is hidden there.

Answer: b

Page: 259

Part of the accommodation between Shinto and Buddhism includedseparate shrines in various regions of the country.shared priests in between the two religions.an agreement not to use Chinese art and also architecture.a department of focus, v Buddhism associated with philosophy, death, and also afterlife, while shinto was referred to as on for farming and fertility.

Answer: d

Page: 260

During the Meiji Restoration, Shinto ended up being tied to growing nationalism throughan focus on the magnificent origins that the emperor.large state-sponsored shines.a renewed focus on traditional martial arts.the assimilation of western educational and also governmental models.

Answer: a

Page: 261

Kami are connected with organic places, the ancestors, andBuddhist saints.animal spirits.famous samurai.Confucian scholars.

Answer: b

Page: 263

A special new Year’s ritual in shinto isthe setup off the firecrackers.the dragon dance.rice pounding.the veneration the those who died in war.

Answer: c

Page: 267

Essay Topics

Explain the derivation of the term, Shinto. What go the surname tell us around the partnership with China and with Buddhism? you re welcome explain.

How did Amaterasu come right into being? What duty did she pat in Japanese history?

Describe how areas of influence are typically divided in between Shinto and also Buddhism in Japan. How could this be apparent at a Japanese temple complex?

Explain the introduction of State Shinto within the context of the Meiji Restoration. What was the Meiji Restoration and also why walk it establish State Shinto?

Explain the simple Shinto concept of kami. Describe and name the most necessary kami.

How are ancestors understood, follow to basic Shinto belief?

Describe the basic rituals linked with visiting a shinto shrine. What is the importance of these rituals come practitioners that Shinto?

List at least three ceremonies that are commonly performed by shinto priests.

Summarize brand-new Year rituals connected with Shinto.

What duties does the emperor that Japan play in shinto ritual?

Describe a torii. What is the function? Where might it it is in found?

Describe the key beliefs of Tenrikyo.

Describe the vital beliefs that Omoto-kyo.

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Describe at least four ways in which shinto beliefs and also practices are appropriate to the troubles of the modern world.