Consider the adhering to figure. It indicates that a solitary amino acid substitution ______.

You are watching: The expressed (coding) regions of eukaryotic genes are called

might alter a protein so that it no much longer functions properly

If one strand of a DNA double helix has actually the sequence GTCCAT, what is the sequence of the other strand?

CAGGTA

The region of DNA where RNA synthesis starts is the ______.

Promoter

How many kind of nucleotides make up a codon?

three

Examine the genetic code table, shown below. The codon AGC codes for the amino acid ______.

serine

If adenine provides up 20% of the bases in a DNA double helix, what percent of the bases are guanine?

30%

The correct sequence of events emerging during transcription is ______.

initiation, elongation, termination

The expressed (coding) areas of eukaryotic genes are referred to as ______.

Exons

How many type of amino acids are widespread to all living systems?

20

The backbamong DNA consists of ______.

a repeating sugar-phosphate-sugar-phosphate pattern

Mad cow disease is brought about by

infectious proteins referred to as prions.

After replication, ______.

each brand-new DNA double helix consists of one old strand and one new strand

Peptide bonds develop in between ______.

amino acids

Wright here is translation accomplished?

ribosomes

Translation converts the indevelopment stored in ______ to ______.

RNA . . . a polypeptide

What protects mRNA from attack by cellular enzymes?

a cap and tail

The DNA codon AGT codes for an amino acid brought by a tRNA via the anticodon ______.

AGU

The shared hereditary code of all life on Planet is proof that ______.

all life shares a common ancestry

The contemporary phrasing of Beadle and Tatum’s hypothesis around relationships in between genes and also their commodities is "one gene-one ______."

Polypeptide

If a strand also of DNA has actually the sequence AAGCTC, transcription will bring about a(n) ______.

single RNA strand also through the sequence UUCGAG

DNA and also RNA are polymers composed of ______ monomers.

Nucleotide

The RNA that is analyzed into a polypeptide is ______ RNA.

Messenger

What type of chemical bond joins the bases of complementary DNA strands?

hydrogen

RNA has the nitrogenous base ______ instead of ______, which is just discovered in DNA.

uracil . . . thymine

Evidence for the spiral nature of DNA came from ______.

X-ray crystallography studies

A mutation within a gene that will certainly insert a premature sheight codon in mRNA would certainly ______.

See more: If , Which Of The Following Represents Approximate Values Of And , For ?

bring about a shortened polypeptide chain

What is the ultimate resource of all diversity?

Mutation

The figure below reflects the flow of hereditary information in a eukaryotic cell. The carry of information from DNA into an RNA molecule is recognized as ______.

Transcription

Thymine and cytosine differ from adenine and guanine in that

thymine and also cytosine are single ring framework, whereas adenine and guanine are double ring structure