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You are watching: These lines from the declaration of independence are an example of the use of _______________.

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Declaration of freedom of the autonomous Republic the Vietnam

For the people of Vietnam, who were just beginning to recover from five years of ruthless economic exploitation by the Japanese, the finish of human being War II promised to carry eighty year of French regulate to a close. As the league for the self-reliance of Vietnam (Vietnam Doc Lap Dong Minh Hoi), better known as the Viet Minh, Vietnamese nationalists had fought versus the Japanese invaders as well as the defeated French colonial authorities. V the support of rich and poor peasants, workers, businessmen, landlords, students, and also intellectuals, the Viet Minh (led by Ho Chi Minh) had broadened throughout northern Vietnam wherein it established brand-new local governments, redistributed part lands, and opened granaries to mitigate the famine. ~ above September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the independent democratic Republic that Vietnam in Hanoi’s Ba Dinh square. The very first lines that his speech repeated verbatim the famous second paragraph of America’s 1776 declaration of Independence.

All males are developed equal. They are endowed by your Creator with particular inalienable rights, among them space Life, Liberty, and also the quest of Happiness."This immortal statement to be made in the declaration of freedom of the United states of America in 1776. In a broader sense, this means: every the individuals on the planet are equal from birth, all the peoples have actually a appropriate to live, to be happy and also free.The declaration of the French revolution made in 1791 on the civil liberties of Man and also the Citizen also states: “All guys are born complimentary and with equal rights, and also must constantly remain totally free and have actually equal rights.”Those space undeniable truths.Nevertheless, for much more than eighty years, the French imperialists, abusing the typical of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity, have violated ours Fatherland and also oppressed our fellow-citizens. They have actually acted contradictory to the ideals of humanity and justice.In the field of politics, they have actually deprived our civilization of every democratic liberty.They have applied inhuman laws; lock have collection up three distinctive political regimes in the North, the Center and the south of Vietnam in bespeak to wreck our nationwide unity and prevent our human being from being united.They have built much more prisons than schools. They have actually mercilessly slain our patriots; they have actually drowned our uprisings in rivers of blood.They have fettered public opinion; they have practiced obscurantism against our people.To undermine our race they have required us to use opium and also alcohol.In the field of economics, they have fleeced united state to the backbone, impoverished our people, and devastated our land.They have robbed united state of our rice fields, ours mines, our forests, and also our life materials. They have actually monopolized the issuing the bank-notes and also the fiddle trade.They have invented countless unjustifiable taxes and reduced our people, specifically our peasantry, come a state of too much poverty.They have hampered the prospering of our nationwide bourgeoisie; they have actually mercilessly exploited our workers.In the loss of 1940, once the Japanese Fascists violated Indochina’s are to establish brand-new bases in their fight versus the Allies, the French imperialists went under on their bended knees and handed over our nation to them.Thus, from that date, our human being were subjected to the twin yoke the the French and also the Japanese. Their sufferings and also miseries increased. The result was that from the end of last year to the start of this year, from Quang Tri district to the north of Vietnam, an ext than 2 million of ours fellow-citizens died from starvation. On in march 9, the French troops were disarmed by the Japanese. The French colonialists one of two people fled or surrendered reflecting that not just were they incapable of “protecting” us, however that, in the expectations of 5 years, they had twice offered our nation to the Japanese.On number of occasions prior to March 9, the Vietminh league urged the French to ally themselves through it against the Japanese. Instead of agreeing come this proposal, the French colonialists for this reason intensified your terrorist activities against the Vietminh members that before fleeing they massacred a good number of ours political prisoners detained in ~ Yen Bay and Caobang.Notwithstanding all this, ours fellow-citizens have constantly manifested towards the French a tolerant and also humane attitude. Even after the Japanese putsch of march 1945, the Vietminh organization helped plenty of Frenchmen to overcome the frontier, rescued few of them indigenous Japanese jails, and also protected French lives and property.From the autumn of 1940, our nation had in truth ceased to it is in a French colony and also had come to be a Japanese possession.After the Japanese had actually surrendered to the Allies, ours whole people rose to gain back our nationwide sovereignty and to discovered the autonomous Republic the Vietnam.The reality is the we have wrested our self-reliance from the Japanese and also not from the French.The French have actually fled, the Japanese have actually capitulated, Emperor Bao Dai has actually abdicated. Our people have damaged the chains which for practically a century have fettered them and also have won independence for the Fatherland. Our human being at the same time have overthrown the monarchic program that has reigned supreme for dozens that centuries. In that place has been developed the current Democratic Republic.For this reasons, we, members that the Provisional Government, representing the whole Vietnamese people, declare that from currently on us break off all relationships of a early american character v France; we repeal all the global obligation that France has actually so far subscribed come on instead of of Vietnam and also we abolish all the special rights the French have actually unlawfully gained in our Fatherland.The whole Vietnamese people, man by a typical purpose, are determined to fight come the bitter end against any attempt by the French colonialists to reconquer their country.We are encouraged that the Allied countries which in ~ Tehran and San Francisco have actually acknowledged the ethics of self-determination and also equality of nations, will not refuse to identify the independence of Vietnam.A world who have courageously protest French supremacy for an ext than eight years, a civilization who have fought side by side with the Allies against the Fascists throughout these critical years, such a people must be complimentary and independent.For this reasons, we, members the the Provisional federal government of the autonomous Republic that Vietnam, solemnly declare to the people that Vietnam has the ideal to it is in a complimentary and live independence country—and in truth is for this reason already.

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The whole Vietnamese civilization are identified to mobilize all their physical and mental strength, to sacrifice your lives and also property in order come safeguard your independence and liberty.

Source: Ho Chi Minh, Selected works Vol. 3, (Hanoi: foreign Languages posting House, 1960–62), 17–21.