Courtesy that Library that Congress, Wales, James A., "The 'Strong' government 1869-1877 -- The 'weak' federal government 1877-1881 / J.A. Wales," 1880

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In this two-part cartoon native 1880, "The heavy South" is seen struggling under the "Carpet Bag and Bayonet Rule" the the "Strong" United claims government, led by chairman Ulysses S. Grant, that is seen riding amongst bayonets through an escort of two federal soldiers. In the background, the illustration shows a destroyed and also occupied South. On the other hand, under the Presidency the Rutherford B. Hayes, the "Carpet Bag and also Bayonet Rule" is gift plowed under by the president"s "Let’em Alone Policy." Under this "Weak" government, the brand-new South is depicted and factories and also fields flourish in the background. A white man, maybe a soil owner, is drawn giving orders come an African-American, presumably a sharecropper or tenant farmer. The cartoon mirrors the dichotomy of the two presidencies. Republican Civil war hero Ulysses S. Give used the strength of the 1870 and 1871 Enforcement Acts to send commonwealth troops right into the south to protect the civil and voting legal rights of african Americans when he came to be president. He likewise ordered the Justice department to increase their efforts to identify, arrest and prosecute members the violent white mobs, consisting of the Ku Klux Klan. Republican Rutherford B. Hayes placated democratic leaders in conference by agreeing to produce what would come to be known as the weaken of 1877. In exchange for conceding the presidency to Hayes, he would certainly withdraw the continuing to be federal troops from the south whose support were important for the survive of Republican state governments in Florida, Louisiana and also South Carolina. Hayes followed through just a couple of months into his presidency, and also as a result, the remaining southern state Republican governments collapsed, southern Democrats regained regulate of southerly politics and also forced the end African Americans and carpetbaggers, brand-new state constitutions were written and laws passed and the gains produced African American civil and political legal rights were crushed.

Transcript of "The "Strong" government 1869-1877 -- The "Weak" government 1877-1881"

Source-Dependent Questions

According to the artist, what was the difference in between Presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Rutherford B. Hayes in exactly how they faced the southern during and also immediately after Reconstruction?Which government, "Strong" or "Weak," was most advantageous to the southerly states and their civilization according come the artist? exactly how did the artist draw these photos to prove this point?How would certainly Hayes" non-interventionist policies have impacted both the assembly of southern governments and the civil and political rights obtained by afri Americans throughout Reconstruction?

Citation Information

Wales, James A., "The "Strong" federal government 1869-1877 -- The "weak" government 1877-1881 / J.A.

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Wales," 1880. Courtesy of Library that Congress