Courtesy of Library of Congress, Wales, James A., "The 'Strong' federal government 1869-1877 -- The 'weak' federal government 1877-1881 / J.A. Wales," 1880

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In this two-component cartoon from 1880, "The Solid South" is seen struggling under the "Carpet Bag and Bayonet Rule" of the "Strong" United States federal government, led by President Ulysses S. Grant, who is seen riding among bayonets via an escort of 2 federal soldiers. In the background, the illustration mirrors a damaged and also populated South. On the various other hand, under the Presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes, the "Carpet Bag and also Bayonet Rule" is being plowed under by the president"s "Let’em Alone Policy." Under this "Weak" federal government, the New South is illustrated and also factories and also fields prosper in the background. A white guy, presumably a land owner, is drawn offering orders to an African-Amerideserve to, presumably a sharecropper or tenant farmer. The cartoon mirrors the dichotomy of the 2 presidencies. Republideserve to Civil War hero Ulysses S. Grant supplied the powers of the 1870 and 1871 Enforcement Acts to send federal troops into the South to protect the civil and also voting rights of African Americans when he came to be president. He also ordered the Justice Department to rise their initiatives to determine, arremainder and prosecute members of violent white mobs, including the Ku Klux Klan. Republideserve to Rutherford B. Hayes placated Democratic leaders in Congress by agreeing to produce what would come to be recognized as the Compromise of 1877. In exchange for conceding the presidency to Hayes, he would withdraw the continuing to be federal troops from the South whose support were crucial for the survival of Republican state governments in Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina. Hayes adhered to through just a few months right into his presidency, and also as an outcome, the remaining southerly state Republideserve to governments fell down, southerly Democrats regot control of southern national politics and forced out Afrideserve to Americans and carpetbaggers, brand-new state constitutions were composed and also laws passed and also the gains created African American civil and also political civil liberties were crushed.

Transcript of "The "Strong" Government 1869-1877 -- The "Weak" Government 1877-1881"

Source-Dependent Questions

According to the artist, what was the difference between Pinhabitants Ulysses S. Grant and also Rutherford B. Hayes in exactly how they dealt with the South throughout and immediately after Reconstruction?Which government, "Strong" or "Weak," was the majority of valuable to the southerly claims and also their human being according to the artist? How did the artist draw these imeras to prove this point?How would certainly Hayes" non-interventionist policies have actually affected both the makeup of Southern governments and also the civil and also political rights acquired by Afrideserve to Americans during Reconstruction?

Citation Information

Wales, James A., "The "Strong" government 1869-1877 -- The "weak" government 1877-1881 / J.A.

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Wales," 1880. Courtesy of Library of Congress