In a brand-new series of write-ups we believed that we would answer questions about topics linked to Epiacum and the bordering area. Whilst we are beginning with a question about the Romans the totality site approximately Epiacum Fort contains a lot more history and archeology than simply the period the Romans to be in the area. In truth there have actually been finds of Mesolithic (Middle stone-age circa 8,000 – 4,000 BCE*) worked flint thought to it is in from approximately 6,000 BCE on the site. So the totality site has proof of human habitation for an ext than the critical 8,000 years! an ext of this in later on posts.

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Why were the Romans referred to as ‘Romans’ and also not ‘Italians’?


Italy didn’t actually end up being a unified nation until 1861 as soon as a repertoire of states and also regions were carried together as the Kingdom the Italy. The process of marriage took some time and was began in 1815.

Whilst the reduced peninsula the what is now known as Italy was recognized is the Peninsula Italia together long ago as the an initial Romans (people from the City of Rome) as long around as 1,000 BCE the name only referred come the floor mass not the people.

The Latins


Italic tribes c 1000

Peninsula Italia was populated by a number of what are recognized as Italic Tribes and also one of these was known as the Latins indigenous Latium, i beg your pardon is the area about the flow Tiber where Rome to be situated and also where the Latin language it s okay its surname from.

It is thought that the Latins migrated to this area during the late Bronze age (about 1200 – 900 BCE) from additional east. The Latins continued to be a distinct tribe or repertoire of family members until approximately 753 BCE when Rome (known then as Roma) was founded and started to build as a city.

Rome started to become an effective around 600BCE and was developed into a Republic in 509BCE. It was about this time (750’s – 600 BCE) that the Latins who stayed in Rome came to be known together Romans.

As you can see the identity as an Italian (from Italy) was no to take place for an additional 2,614 years!

Rome like many other countries was originally a tiny kingdom native 753 BCE till 509 BCE when the roman inn monarchy was overthrown and the last king the the Romans, the unpopular Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was exiled throughout a political revolution.

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Why the Romans are called Romans

The suggest of all of this is the the mind-set or thinking of the day to be not roughly the idea of countries and also nations however rather defect regions and also home urban / towns and also villages. Basically the identification of an individual or household was based on their ‘home’ tribe. Even though the Romans controlled large tracts the land and also sea, their identity was based on their ‘home’ – the city the Rome.