point of viewAs the main character’s fictitious journal, the story is said in strictfirst-person narration, focusing specifically on her own thoughts, feelings, andperceptions. Every little thing that we find out or check out in the story is filtered throughthe narrator’s changing consciousness, and also since the narrator goes insane overthe food of the story, her perception of reality is often fully at oddswith that of the various other characters.

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toneThe narrator is in a state of tension for much of the story, withflashes of sarcasm, anger, and desperation—a ton Gilman wants the leader toshare.

tenseThe story stays close to the narrator’s thoughts at the moment and also isthus mainly in the present tense.

setting (time)Late nineteenth century

setting (place)America, in a large summer residence (or maybe an old asylum), primarilyin one bedroom in ~ the house.

protagonistThe narrator, a young upper-middle-class woman that is suffering fromwhat is most most likely postpartum depression and whose condition gives her insightinto her (and other women’s) case in culture and in marriage, also as thetreatment she undergoes robs she of she sanity.

major conflictThe struggle between the narrator and also her husband, who is likewise herdoctor, over the nature and treatment that her disease leads come a conflict withinthe narrator’s mind in between her growing understanding the her very own powerlessnessand her desire to repress this awareness.

rising actionThe narrator decides to store a mystery journal, in which she describesher compelled passivity and also expresses she dislike for her bedroom wallpaper, adislike that progressively intensifies right into obsession.

climaxThe narrator totally identifies herself with the woman imprisoned inthe wallpaper.

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falling actionThe narrator, now totally identified through the woman in thewallpaper,spends her time crawling on every fours roughly the room. She husbanddiscovers her and collapses in shock, and she keeps crawling, right over hisfallen body.

themesThe subordination of ladies in marriage; the importance ofself-expression; the malice of the “Resting Cure”

motifsIrony; the journal

symbolsThe wallpaper

foreshadowingThe exploration of the this marks ~ above the bedstead foreshadows thenarrator’s very own insanity and also suggests the narrator is no revealing everythingabout she behavior; the first use of words “creepy” foreshadows theincreasing desperation that the narrator’s situation and also her own eventual“creeping.”