The secretions of the adrenal medulla plot to supplement the effects of _________.

You are watching: Which of these effectors is not directly controlled by the autonomic nervous system

A. Parasympthetic innervation

B. Sympathetic stimulation

C. Vagus nerve activity

D. Neurosecretory substances


Which the the complying with does not explain the ANS?

A. A mechanism of engine neurons that innervates smooth and cardiac muscle and also glands

B. A mechanism of motor neurons that innervates all muscle cells

C. Involuntary concerned system

D. Somatic concerned system


Preparing the body because that the "fight or flight" solution is the duty of the _______.

A. Sympathetic nervous system

B. Cerebrum

C. Parasympathetic worried system

D. Somatic nervous system


The somatic and also autonomic nervous solution differ in all of the following except __________.

A. Their effectors

B. Their efferent pathways

C. To some level in target responses to your neurotransmitters

D. All of the transmitters


Where would certainly you not find a cholinergeric nicotonic receptor?

A. Every parasympathetic target organs

B. Every postganglionic neurons

C. Adrenal medulla hormone producing cells

D. Skeletal muscle motor finish plates


The parasympathetic ganglion the serves the eye is the __________.

A. Ciliary ganglion

B. Pterygopalatine ganglion

C. Submandibular ganglion

D. Otic ganglion


Cardiovascular impacts of the sympathetic department include all other than ______.

A. Constriction of many blood vessels

B. Dilation the the vessels serving the skeletal muscles

C. Rise of heart and also force

D. Dilation of the blood vessels offer the skin and digestive viscera


Over 90% of every parasympathetic fibers are obtained from cranial nerve number ________.

A. V

B. VII

C. X

D. XII


The "resting and also digesting" division of the autonomic nervous mechanism is the __________.

A. Parasympathetic division

B. Sorry division

C. Somatic division

D. Peripheral concerned system


Control of temperature. Endocrine activity, and thirst are functions associated with the _______.

A. Medulla

B. Cerebellum

C. Hypothalamus

D. Thlamus


Which of this effectors is no directly regulated by the autonomic worried system?

A. Smooth muscle

B. Cardiac muscle

C. Skeletal muscle

D. Most glands


Which that the following is no a an outcome of parasympathetic stimulation?

A. Salivation

B. Dilation of the pupils

C. Boosted peristalsis that the that the cradle viscera

D. Remove of pee


Which that the adhering to statements is no true?

A. Sympathetic beginning is craniosacral; parasympathetic is thoracolumbar

B. Sympathetic ganglia space within a couple of centimeters that the CNS; parasympathetic are close come visceral offal served

C. Sympathetic division has short preganglionic and also long postganglionic fibers; parasympathetic has long preganglionic and also short postganglionic fibers

D. Sorry has extensive branching the preganglionic fibers; parasympathetic has actually minimal branching of preganglionic yarn


sympathetic origin is craniosacral; parasympathetic is thoracolumbar

Sympathetic responses usually are widespread due to the fact that _______.

A. Inactivation the ACh is fairly slow

B. NE and also epinephrine are secreted right into the blood as part of the sympathetic response

C. Preganglionic fibers room short

D. Preganglionic fibers space lone


NE and epinephrine is secreted right into the blood as part of the forgiveness response

Sympathetic nerves may leave the spinal cord at which vertebra?

A. Second cervical

B. Third lumbar

C. First coccyx

D. First thoracic


first thoracic

Autonomic ganglia contain _______.

A. An outer connective tissue capsule around the cell bodies the preganglionic engine neurons

B. Synapses between postganglionic fibers and also their effectors

C. The cabinet bodies of motor neurons

D. Both somatic afferent and efferent neurons


the cell bodies of engine neurons

The parasympathetic fibers of the ______ nerves innervate smooth muscles of the eye that reason the lenses come bulge come accomodate close vision.

A. Optic

B. Oculomotor

C. Trochlear

D. Abducens


oculomotor

Fibers that enter and also leave the sorry chain there is no synapsing from structures dubbed _________.

A. White rami communicantes

B. Gray rami communicantes

C. Spinal nerves

D. Splanchnic nerves


splanchnic nerves

Which that the complying with is not a plexus that the vagus nerve?

A. Cardiac

B. Pulmonary

C. Celiac

D. Esophageal


celiac

Visceral reflex arcs differ from somatic in the ______.

A. Visceral arcs contain two sensory neurons

B. Somatic arcs save one extr component the visceral arcs perform not possess

C. Visceral arcs involve two motor neurons

D. Visceral arcs carry out not use integration centers


visceral arcs involve two motor neurons

The parasympathetic tone ______.

A. Avoids unnecessary heart deceleration

B. Accelerats activity of the digestive tract

C. Determines normal activity of the urinary tract

D. Reasons blood press to increase


determines normal task of the urinary tract

Once a sorry preganglionic axon will a trunk ganglion, it deserve to do all but which among the following?

A. Synapse v a parasympathetic neuron in the same trunk ganglion

B. Synapse through a ganglionic neuron in the exact same trunk ganglion

C. Ascend or descend the trunk to synapse in one more trunk ganglion

D. Pass v the tribe ganglion without synapsing with an additional neuron


synapse with a parasympathetic neuron in the very same trunk ganglion

Which the the following shows up to exert the most straight influence end autonomic function?

A. Hypothalamus

B. Midbrain

C. Reticular formation

D. Medulla oblongata


reticular formation

Beta-blockers ______.

A. Rise a dangerously low heart rate

B. Decrease love rate and blood pressure

C. Have actually widespread forgiveness effects

D. Room potent antidepressants


decrease heart rate and blood pressure

Erection the the prick or clitoris _____.

A. Is mainly under forgiveness control

B. Is primariyl under parasympathetic control

C. Is the result of combination activation through both sympathetic and also parasympathetic input

D. Depends very small on autonomic activation


is mainly under parasympathetic control

Which is a uniquely sympathetic function?

A. Regulation that pupil size

B. Regulation the cradiac rate

C. Regulation of respiratory rate

D. Regulation of human body temperature


regulation of body temperature

Raynaud"s an illness ________.

A. Is characterized by exaggeration vasconstriction in the extremities

B. Is induced by heat stress

C. Occurs generally in association with injury come the spinal cord

D. Is generally life threaten


is defined by exaggeration vasconstriction in the extremities

Autonomic dyserflexia ______.

A. Is additionally known a autonomic areflexia

B. Involves uncontrolled activation of autonomic neurons

C. Usually comes before spinal shock

D. Outcomes from overexcitatory input native the cortex


involves untreated activation of autonomic neurons

Which forgiveness fibers kind a splanchnic nerve?

A. Those the synapse with parasympathetic fibers

B. Those the synapse in the exact same trunk ganglia

C. Those that synapse v somatic fibers

D. Those the ass through the tribe ganglion to synapse in collateral or prevertebral ganglia


those the pass through the tribe ganglion to synapse in collateral or prevertebral ganglia

Which the the adhering to adrenergic neurotransmitter receptor plays the major role in love activity?

A. Beta 1

B. Beta 2

C. Beta 3

D. Alpha 1


beta 1

Where would you not uncover an autonomic ganglion?

A. In the head

B. In the cervical region

C. Close to the vesceral effectors lock serve

D. In the armpit


in the armpit

Sympathetic department stimulation reasons ______.

A. Lessened blood glucose, boosted GI peristalsis, and also increased heart rate and blood pressure

B. Boosted blood glucose, increased GI peristalsis, and decreased heart rate and also blood pressure

C. Increased blood glucose, reduced GI peristalsis, and increased love rate and blood press

D. Reduced blood glucose, increased GI persitalsis, and also decreased heart rate and blood pressure


increased blood glucose, reduced GI peristalsis, and increased love rate and also blood pressure

The smooth muscle of the cradle viscera is served greatly by the ___________.

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A. Lumbar splanchnic nerves

B. Cephalic plexus

C. Pelvic nerves

D. Tenth cranial nerve


tenth cranial nerve

The route of significant parasympathetic outflow native the head is via the ____________.

A. Sorry trunk

B. Phrenic nerve

C. Vagus nerve

D. Sacral nerve


vagus nerve

Parasympathetic functions encompass _________.

A. A stimulation of heart rate and also force that contraction

B. Allowing the human body to cope through an external threat

C. Lens accommodation because that close vision

D. Mobilizing storage energy sources


lens accommodation because that close vision

Emotions affect autonomic reactions primarily through integration in the __________.

A. Lateral horn of the spinal cord

B. Hypothalamus

C. Lateral geniculate the the thalamus

D. Worse colliculus


hypothalamus

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