LiverThe liver is the biggest gland in the body and is one accessory organ of the disgestive system.
Food the is chewed in the dental cavity then swallowed ends up in the stomach wherein it is more digested therefore its nutrients deserve to be absorbed in the tiny intestine. The salivary glands, liver and gall bladder, and also the pancreas assist the procedures of ingestion, digestion, and absorption. This accessory organs of cradle play crucial roles in the digestive process. Each of these organs either secretes or stores substances the pass through ducts into the alimentary canal.
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1. Saliva Moistens Food and Begins the chemistry Digestion Process
Six salivary glands, located around the dental cavity, secrete saliva. This substance moves out of the glands right into the dental cavity through ducts. Saliva is 99% water, but likewise contains enzymes and proteins the lubricate the oral cavity and also begin chemical digestion of food. There are three bag of salient glands (parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands) and two ducts (Stensen’s and also salivary ducts) top top either next of the dental cavity.
2. The Liver Secretes Bile come Emulsify fat in the little Intestine
The liver is one of the biggest organs in the body and it is continuously creating bile. This yellowish-brown liquid aids chemistry digestion by emulsifying fat in the duodenum. Bile flows the end of the liver into the right and left hepatic ducts, into the usual hepatic ducts, and toward the small intestine to assist with digestion and also the absorb of fats.
3. The gall Bladder stores Bile
If bile is not automatically needed because that digestion, it flows up the cystic duct come the bile bladder. The bitterly bladder is a green, pear-shaped sac about 10 centimeter or 4 in. Long that stores and also concentrates overfill bile secreted through the liver. Bile is released by the bile bladder together needed right into the small intestine.
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4. Pancreatic Juice Breaks down Protein, Fats, and also Carbohydrates
The kidnize secretes pancreatic juice, a mix of digestive enzymes, water, buffers (bicarbonates), and electrolytes produced by acinar and also epithelial cells. Pancreatic juice drains v the key pancreatic duct (duct the Wirsung) right into the common bile duct and then right into the little intestine. There it buffers stomach acids and also breaks down protein, fats, and also carbohydrates.