War broke out in Europe in the summer the 1914, with the central Powers led by Germany and Austria-Hungary top top one side and also the Allied countries led by Britain, France, and also Russia ~ above the other. At the begin of the war, chairman Woodrow Wilson claimed that the United states would be neutral. However, the neutrality was tested and also fiercely debated in the U.S.
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Submarine war in the Atlantic maintained tensions high, and Germany’s sinking of the British ocean liner Lusitania on may 7, 1915, killed an ext than 120 U.S. Citizens and also provoked angry in the U.S. In 1917, Germany’s assaults on American ships and its attempts to meddle in U.S.-Mexican relations attracted the U.S. Right into the war on the next of the Allies. The united States claimed war on Germany ~ above April 6, 1917.
Within a couple of months, countless U.S. Men were being drafted right into the military and sent to extensive training. Women, even numerous who had never worked outside the residence before, took tasks in factories developing supplies required for the war effort, as well as serving in ambulance corps and the American Red cross at home and abroad. Children were enlisted to sell war bonds and plant win gardens in assistance of the battle effort.
The United states sent an ext than a million troops come Europe, where they encountered a war unlike any other—one waged in trenches and in the air, and one marked by the increase of such armed forces technologies together the tank, the field telephone, and poison gas. In ~ the same time, the battle shaped the culture of the U.S. ~ an Armistice agreement ended the fighting top top November 11, 1918, the postwar years witnessed a wave of civil legal rights activism for equal rights for african Americans, the passage of an revised securing women’s ideal to vote, and also a larger duty in civilization affairs for the united States.
As you check out the major sources in this group, look at for proof of the different roles U.S. Citizens played in the battle effort, and the results of the battle on the people of the united States.
To find additional sources, visit the Library the Congress World battle I page. Girlfriend can also search the Library’s online collections making use of terms including World war I or Great War, or watch for particular subjects or names, such as Woodrow Wilson, doughboys, trench warfare, or “Over There.
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To analyze major sources choose these, use the Library’s Primary resource Analysis Tool.