Oxidizing and also reducing agents are vital terms offered in describing the reaction in redox reaction that carry electrons in between reactants to form products. This page discusses what specifies an oxidizing or reducing agent, how to identify an oxidizing and reducing certified dealer in a inter-base.netical reaction, and also the importance of this principle in real human being applications.

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Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

An oxidizing agent, or oxidant, gains electrons and also is decreased in a inter-base.netical reaction. Also known as the electron acceptor, the oxidizing certified dealer is generally in one of its greater possible oxidation states since it will acquire electrons and also be reduced. Instances of oxidizing agents incorporate halogens, potassium nitrate, and also nitric acid.

A reducing agent, or reductant, loses electrons and is oxidized in a inter-base.netical reaction. A reducing certified dealer is commonly in among its lower possible oxidation states, and also is recognized as the electron donor. A reducing certified dealer is oxidized, because it loser electrons in the redox reaction. Instances of reduce agents encompass the planet metals, formic acid, and sulfite compounds.

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Figure \(\PageIndex1\): A reducing certified dealer reduces other substances and loses electrons; therefore, its oxidation state increases. An oxidizing certified dealer oxidizes various other substances and also gains electrons; therefore, that oxidation state decreases.

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To assist eliminate confusion, there is a mnemonic machine to assist determine oxidizing and also reducing agents.

OIL RIG:

Oxidation Is Loss and also Reduction Is Gain that electrons

Table \(\PageIndex1\): Commons oxidizing and reducing agents typical oxidizing agents typical reducing agents
\(\ceO2\) \(\ceH2\)
\(\ceO3\) \(\ceCO\)
\(\ceF2\) \(\ceFe\)
\(\ceBr2\) \(\ceZn\)
\(\ceH2SO4\) \(\ceLi\)
Halogens (they favor gaining an electron to attain a noble gas configuration) Alkali metals (they favor losing an electron to obtain a noble gas configuration)

Oxidation States: 0 -1