In 1948 the Korea Peninsula was divided in between a Soviet-backed federal government in the north and also an American-backed federal government in the south. War damaged out along the 38th parallel on June 25, 1950. On that day, North oriental troops coordinated an assault at numerous strategic points follow me the parallel and headed south toward Seoul. The United countries Security Council responded to the assault by adopting a resolution that condemned the invasion as a "breach that the peace."Read More...
You are watching: Which word best describes the u.s. policy towards communism in the 1950s and 1960s?
Related major Sources
Links walk to DocsTeach, the online tool for to teach with documents from the nationwide inter-base.net.
Paratroopers paris to the Dropzone in Korea, 3/1951
In the task Containment in Korea: start the korean War, students analyze President Truman"spress relax of June 27, 1950, announcing the he to be committing American pressures to a linked United nations military initiative in Korea in ~ the start of the oriental War. Students reflect top top the language offered in Truman"s statement to the American people, compare it through Soviet views of events in Korea, and also identify exactly how Truman"s native reflect the US policy of containment during the Cold War.
Find various other teaching tasks related come the Cold war on DocsTeach.
Additional elevator Information
While the end of people War II lugged peace and prosperity to most Americans, it also created a heightened state the tension in between the Soviet Union and also the united States. Fearing the the Soviet Union intended to "export" communist to other nations, America focused its foreign policy top top the "containment" the communism, both at home and also abroad. Back formulation that the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and the Berlin Airlift suggested that the united States had actually a certain concern v the spread of communist in Europe, America"s policy of containment extended to Asia as well. Indeed, Asia showed to be the site of the very first major battle waged in the name of containment: the korean War.
The division of Korea into two halves had come at the end of civilization War II. The united States and the Soviet Union agreed come temporarily divide Korea and also oversee the removed of Japanese forces. In august of 1945, the Soviet Union inhabited Korea, which had been under Japan"s control since 1910. The joined States easily moved its own troops into southern Korea. Japanese troops surrendered to the Russians in the north and to the american in the south.
The U.S.-Soviet covenant temporarily separated Korea along the 38th parallel, a latitudinal line the bisected the country; this avoided a irreversible decision regarding Korea"s future. This heat became more rigid after 1946, however, when Kim Il Sung organized a communist federal government in the north –the democratic People"s Republic. Soon after, nationalist exile Syngman Rhee returned to Korea and set up a rival federal government in the south –the Republic that Korea (ROK). Each government hoped to reunify the nation under its very own rule.
On June 25, 1950, North korean troops coordinated an strike at number of strategic points follow me the 38th parallel and headed south toward Seoul. The United countries Security Council poll 9-0 to adopt a resolution condemning the invasion as a "breach that the peace." The protection Council did not have a Soviet delegate, because six months prior, the Soviet Union had left come protest the united Nation"s refusal to chair a delegate indigenous China.
President harry S. Truman conveniently committed American forces to a merged United Nations military effort and named Gen. Douglas MacArthur command of the U.N. Forces. Fifteen other nations additionally sent troops under the U.N. Command. Truman walk not look for a officially declaration of battle from Congress; officially, America"s visibility in Korea amounted to no an ext than a "police action."
However, the entrance of the united States right into the conflict signaled a reversal of policy toward Korea. Back it donate the government of Syngman Rhee, the United says had begun withdrawing that troops from southern Korea in 1948. As late together January that 1950, Secretary of State Dean Acheson had implied the the Korea Peninsula lay exterior the all-important "defense perimeter" the the united States, a statement that part took to average that the United claims would not protect the ROK from communist attack.
The decision to intervene in Korea, however, thrived out the the tense setting that defined Cold battle politics. Top top the eve of the North oriental invasion, a variety of events had actually made Truman anxious. The Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb in 1949, finishing the joined States" syndicate on the weapon. In Europe, Soviet intervention in Greece and also Turkey had given rise to the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, i m sorry funneled help to war-torn Europe in the wishes of fending off communist politics victories. In early on 1950, chairman Truman directed the nationwide Security council (NSC) to conduct an analysis of Soviet and American military capabilities. In that report, well-known as "NSC 68," the council recommended hefty increases in military capital to help contain the Soviets.
Events in Asia additionally contributed come an raised sense the insecurity. In 1949 China underwent a transformation that brought Mao Zedong and also his Communist party into power. The nationalists, led through Chiang Kai-Shek, had actually retreated to the island the Formosa (Taiwan) when they ongoing their war through mainland China. Mao conveniently moved to ally himself v the Soviet Union, and signed a treaty v the Soviets in 1950. The Truman management faced criticism from republic who claimed he had "lost" China. They criticized him for not offering enough help to the Chinese nationalists. The suggestion by Secretary of State Dean Acheson the the management recognize the communist federal government of China only provided them an ext ammunition for their attacks.
The Truman administration also challenged internal criticism concerning its commitment come anti-communism in ~ home. Republican senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin had actually recently begun his well known hunt for communists within the U.S. Government. Although McCarthy was just acquiring started, the recent trials the Alger Hiss and also others for espionage left the Truman management apprehensive around its anti-communist credentials. Truman and also his advisors found themselves under increased residential pressure no to show up "soft" on communism abroad.
Thus, as soon as North korean troops attacked the South, the Truman administration seized ~ above the opportunity to protect a non-communist government from invasion by communist troops. Figured out not to "lose" an additional country come communism, and also interested in shoring increase its anticommunist credentials, the Truman administration found chin defending a nation a human being away from U.S. Soil. Yet Truman"s solution was not merely a an answer to interior pressure. The intrusion of southern Korea do Truman genuinely fearful that the Soviet Union and also China plan to broaden the ball of communist throughout Asia.
President Truman released a statement on June 27, 1950, showing his issue with communist aggression and also expansion. He suggested that "communism has actually passed past the usage of subversion to dominate independent nations and also will currently use armed invasion and war." Truman"s statement suggests that he thought the strike by phibìc Korea had actually been part of a larger setup by communist China and, by extension, the Soviet Union. The President believed that the Korean case was comparable to that of greek in 1947. He informed his advisors the he believed the invasion was "very obviously motivated by the Soviet Union." This gave America a ethical imperative come act. "If us don"t placed up a struggle now," Truman it was observed to his staff, there to be "no telling what they"ll do."
His problem over the future of anti-communist federal governments in Asia proved in his windy statement. Truman pledged to protect Formosa (Taiwan) native attack and to assistance French pressures in Indochina, a conflict that would eventually escalate right into the Vietnam War. However Truman had no great to provoke a full-scale war through the Soviets. By blaming "communism" in the statement, together opposed to the Soviet Union, Dean Acheson later on explained, the management sought to offer the Soviets a "graceful exit" and not provoke open up confrontation v Russia.
See more: Collection Of Black And White Square Stock Photos, Black White Square Pattern Images
Truman"s statement also reflected a brand-new military order. Back the United says took the command in the oriental action, it did so under the rubric of the joined Nations. Truman made it clear that his actions dropped within the actions recommended by the joined Nations, and also reminded "all members the the united Nations" come "consider very closely the aftermath of this recent aggression in Korea" and also that America "will continue to uphold the dominance of law."
Truman"s statement was released come newspaper reporters. The afternoon, Truman attend a meeting of the joined Nations and proposed a resolution urging all UN member countries to offer assistance to southern Korea. The meeting had been originally planned because that the morning however was postponed come accommodate one of its members. Secretary the State Dean Acheson later on reflected that the Soviets chosen to allude out that due to the fact that the U.N. Meeting developed after the President"s statement, Truman can not truthfully claim that his decision come commit forces was affected by the desire of the united Nations. Once it did fulfill later that day, the United nations passed his resolution, return a handful of dissenting nations abstained.