a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
Wrote Uncle Tom"s Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
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Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853 that highly influenced england"s view on the American Deep South and slavery. a novel promoting abolition. intensified sectional conflict.
American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the missouri Compromise
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
A person claiming that a black person had escaped from slavery need only point them out as a runaway, and they would be taken into custody, no questions asked. The accused would be brought before a federal commissioner, and a sworn statement from the slaveholder was all that was required to send the person to the south. African Americans had no right of trial or to testify on their behalf. The law required federal marshals to help capture runaways and gave them the authority to deputize citizens. Any who refused could be jailed.
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American Confederate general in the Civil War. He won victories at Bull Run (1862), Fredericksburg (1862), and Chancellorsville (1863) before surrendering to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox (1865).
(AL) , Issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war